BIT 2305 ICT PROJECT MANAGEMENT KCA Past Paper

UNIVERSITY EXAMINATIONS: 2014/2015
ORDINARY EXAMINATION FOR THE BACHELOR OF SCIENCE
IN INFORMATION TECHNOLOGY
BIT 2305 ICT PROJECT MANAGEMENT
DATE: APRIL, 2015 TIME: 2 HOURS
INSTRUCTIONS: Answer Question ONE and any other TWO

QUESTION ONE (Compulsory)
a) Define the term project management (2 marks)
b) Why do we carry out monitoring and control on a project? (3 marks)
c) Name FOUR criteria by which a project can be judged a success. (2 marks)
d) What are the three project activities that are needed for WBS? (3 marks)
e) Describe THREE different algorithmic techniques for estimating effort for an IT
system development project. (6 marks)
f) Identify and explain TWO advantages of using a Gantt chart in comparison with a
network diagram, and TWO advantages of using a network diagram compared with a
Gantt chart. (6 marks)
g) Explain what the difference is between project risks and business risks (2marks)
h) Explain what in project management is meant by ‘quality’ (2 marks)
i) In preparation for your meeting with your sponsor, you have developed an
estimateusing the PERT method. Briefly describe this method. (4 marks)
QUESTION TWO
You have been asked to assemble a project team for a development project. You will
require analysts, programmers and testers. There is an IT Department at the company
doing maintenance and support. You have been told that you will be able to get about
half the team you require from here and the other half will be hired from outside.
a) Describe FIVE key steps in the recruitment process from a staffing vacancy being
identified to putting a new effective team member in place. (10 marks)
b) List FIVE factors you would take into account when deciding who should do which
task in a plan. (5 marks)
c) The team members from the IT Department have been working on their tasks for a
month when the newly hired external analysts and programmers join. There is then a
decrease in the productivity of the existing staff. What could explain this? (5 marks)
QUESTION THREE

a) Draw a network diagram and a gantt chart ( 6 marks)
b) How many paths are in the network, and what are they? (4 marks)
c) What is the critical path and its duration? (2 marks)
d) What is the float on activity U? (2 marks)
e) What is the impact to the project if activity B takes three weeks longer than planned?
(2 marks)
f) Do a forward and backward pass using the original estimates (4 marks)
QUESTION FOUR
a) As a project manager you are requested to perform the effort estimation of an Air –
Traffic Control project. The mode is embedded.
The following project information is available:
 The software has three modules with 10KLOC, 5KLOC and 4KLOC respectively
 COCOMO model

Calculate the effort in person months using COCOMO model (9 marks)
b) Explain at least four causes of failed projects. (4 marks)
c) Identify at least FOUR different options that are available for bringing such a project
back on schedule when it has been found to be running late. (4 marks)
d) Briefly explain the concept of project crashing (3 marks)
QUESTION FIVE
a) Explain how a project manager might use information generated as part of project
control reporting to identify situations that are behind schedule for each of the
following reasons:
 staff who are intended to be working full-time on the project are taken off
sometimes to help resolve emergency situations on other projects;
 the original estimates of development times were too low
 the project scope has been extended to meet additional requests from users
 staff productivity is lower than expected. (10 marks)
b) Using relevant examples mention and describe the data values used in Earned Value
Management Systems (10 marks)

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