KCSE Past Papers 2021 History and Government Paper 2 (311/2)

 KCSE Past Paper History Paper 2

1. Identify two forms of government. (2 mark)

2. State two basic methods which the early human beings used to obtain food.(2 mark)

3. Define the term ‘Agriculture’.(1 mark)

4. Give the main reason why the Atlantic Ocean was important in the Trans-Atlantic trade.(1 mark)

5. Highlight two types of indirect democracy.(2 mark)

6. Give two limitations of using motorcycle as a means of transport.(2 mark)

7. Highlight one factor that led to the growth of the ancient city of Athens.(1 mark)

8. Give one reason why Lobengula was defeated by the British.(1 mark)

9. Identify two racial groups that competed for the control of South Africa during the apartheid era. (2 marks)

10. Give the method of administration that was used by the British in Northern Nigeria during the colonial period. (1 mark)

11. Identify two types of nationalism in South Africa during the struggle for majority rule.(2 marks)

12. Name the person who initiated the formation of Triple Alliance in 1882.(1 mark)

13. Name the body that was formed after the Second World War to promote world peace. (1 mark)

14. Highlight two organs of the East African Community,2001. (2 marks)

15. State two common functions of the early urban centres in Africa.(2 mark)

16. State the main function of the House of Commons in Britain.(1 mark)

17. Name one ideological bloc which was involved in the Cold War.(1 mark)

SECTION B (45 marks)

=Answer three questions from this section in the space provided after question 24.

18. (a) State five factors which contributed to the development of agriculture in ancient Egypt.(5 marks)

(b) Explain five effects of Agrarian Revolution in Britain.(10 marks)

19. (a) State five similar effects of early agriculture in Mesopotamia and Egypt. (5 marks)

(b) Discuss five characteristics of the Industrial Revolution in Europe. (10 marks)

20. (a) State five limitations of written records as a source of information in History and Government. (5 marks)

(b) Explain five results of African collaboration with the European in the late 19th century.(10 marks)

21. (a) Identify five senior positions in the Buganda Kingdom during the pre-colonial period.(5 marks)

(b) Discuss have political challenges experienced by the nationalists during the liberation struggle in Mozambique. (10 marks)

SECTION C (30 marks)

Answer any two questions from this section in the space provided

22. (a) Highlight three causes of the Second World War.(3 marks)

(b) Explain six achievements of the Pan African Movement.(12 marks)

23. (a) State three aims of the Non-Aligned Movement.(3 marks)

(b) Explain the main role of each of the following specialised agencies of the United Nations.(12 marks)

(i) The World Health Organisation (WHO)

(ii) The International Monetary Fund (IMF)

(iii) United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organisation (UNESCO)

(iv) Food and Agriculture Organisation (FAO).

(v) The United Nations Environmental Programme (UNEP).

(vi) United Nations High Commission for Refugees (UNHCR).

24. (a) Identify the three arms of government of India.(3 marks)

(b) b)Explain six ways through which the powers of the president of the United States of America are checked (12 marks)

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