KCSE Past Papers 2021 History and Government Paper 1 (311/1)

 History and Government Paper 1

SECTION A (25 marks)

Answer all the questions in this section in the space provided after question 24.

1. Identify two linguistic groups in Kenya.(2 marks)

2. State two ways in which the Agikuyu interacted with the Akamba during the pre-colonial period.(2 marks)

3. Give the main economic activity of the Plain Nilotes during the pre-colonial period. (1 mark)

4. Highlight two factors which led to the increase in demand for slaves along the East African Coast during the 19th Century.(2 marks)

5. Name the document which contains the Bill of Rights for Kenyan citizens.(1 marks)

6. Give the meaning of the term ‘conflict’.(1 marks)

7. Identify the type of constitution that is used in Kenya.(1 marks)

8. Identify two colours of the national flag in Kenya.(2 marks)

9. State two causes of the Bukusu resistance against the British.(2 marks)

10. Identify the Cushitic community which attacked the Bantu at Shungwaya during the pre-colonial period.(1 marks)

11. Name the political party that led Kenya to independence. (2 marks)

12. State one common political characteristic of the National Philosophies in Kenya. (1 mark) 13. Give two types of elections held in Kenya.(2 marks)

14. Highlight two branches of the National Government of Kenya.(2 marks)

15. Give one reason for the adoption of African Socialism in Kenya.(1 marks)

16. Identify the commission that recommended cost-sharing in education sector in Kenya. (1 mark)

17. State two ways in which the National Government of Kenya spends its recurrent expenditure.(2 marks)

SECTION B (45 marks)

Answer any three questions from this section in the space provided after question 24.

18. (a) State five causes of migration of the Highland Nilotes into Kenya during the pre-colonial period.(5 marks)

(b) Describe the social organisation of the Borana in the l9th Century. (10 marks)

19. (a) Identify five categories of special groups of people whose rights are enshrined in the Constitution of Kenya. (5 marks)

(b) Explain five challenges faced by African political organisations in Kenya up to 1939.(l0 marks)

20. (a) Highlight five features of the independence Constitution of Kenya. (5 marks)

(b) Discuss five factors which led to the collapse of the Imperial British East African Company (IBEAC) in 1894. (10 marks)

21. (a) State five characteristics of independent churches during the colonial period in Kenya.(5 marks)

(b) Explain five roles played by women in the Mau Mau liberation movement in Kenya. (12 marks)

SECTION C (30 marks)

Answer any 2 questions from this section

22. (a) Give the three members of the Executive Committees of County Governments in Kenya. (3 marks)

(b) Discuss six functions of a County Governor in Kenya.(12 marks)

23. (a) State the Composition of the Cabinet in Kenya.(3 marks)

(b) Explain six functions of the National Assembly in Kenya.(12 marks)

24. (a) Name the three branches of the Kenya Defence Forces.(3 marks)

(b) Discuss six functions of the Kenya Police Service.(12 marks)

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