KCSE Past Papers 2016 Geography paper 2 (312/2)

KCSE Past Papers 2016 Geography Paper 2

2016 Geography Paper 2


Answer all the questions in this section

1. (a) Name two exotic breeds of dairy cattle reared in Kenya. (2 marks)

(b) State three physical conditions that favour dairy farming in Denmark. (3 marks)

2. (a) Name the method of irrigation used in the Perkerra Irrigation Scheme. (1 mark)

(b) State three factors that influenced the location of the Perkerra Irrigation Scheme. (3 marks)

3. (a) Differentiate between transport and communication. (2 marks)

(b) State three causes of the decline in the use of letter writing as a means of communication in Kenya. (3 marks)

4. (a) Why is Kenya’s petroleum refinery located at Mombasa? (2 marks)

(b) State three ways in which the clearing of forests has affected the natural environment in Kenya. (3 marks)

5. (a) State three measures which the government of Kenya has taken to reduce infant mortality. (3 marks)

(b) Give three negative effects of low population growth in a country. (3 marks)

SECTION B Answer question 6 and any other two questions from this section

6. Use the map below to answer question (a) (i) and (ii)

(a) Name:

(i) The rivers marked E, F and G. (3 marks)

(ii) The human-made lakes marked H and J. (2 marks)

(iii) Explain four measures which should be taken to improve inland water (8 marks) transport in Africa.

(h) State four ways in which communication contributes to economic development in Kenya. (4 marks)

(c) Explain four problems facing railway transport in Africa. (8 marks)

7. Study the photograph below and answer questions (a) and (b).

(a) Name: (i) the mining method shown in the photograph; ( I mark)

(ii) two minerals that may be mined using the method shown in the photograph. (2 marks)

(b) (i) Using evidence from the photograph, give four indicators that show that the weather was hot when the photograph was taken. (4 marks)

(ii) Describe how minerals are obtained using the mining method shown in the photograph. (5 marks)

(iii) Citing evidence from the photograph, explain two ways in which the mining method shown has affected the environment. (4 marks)

(iv) Apart from the method shown in the photograph, name three other mining methods. (3 marks)

(c) Explain how the following factors influence the occurrence of minerals

(i) evaporation; (2 marks)

(ii) volcanicity; (2 marks)

(iii) metamorphism. (2 marks)

8. (a) (i) Name two settlement patterns. (2 marks)

(ii) Explain four physical factors that influence settlement. (8 marks)

(b) (i) Explain how the following factors have led to the growth of Thika.

• Location; (2 marks)

• Transport; (2 marks)

• Land. (2 marks)

(ii) Apart from being a transport and communication centre, give three other functions of Thika town. (3 marks)

(c) Explain three positive effects of urbanisation to a country. (6 marks)

9. (a) Identify three sources of renewable energy. (3 marks)

(b) (i) Name three main Hydro Electric Power stations along the River Tana. (3 marks)

(ii) Apart from providing electric power, state four other benefits of the dams along the River Tana. (4 marks)

(iii) Identify two problems that affect the production of power from the stations along River Tana. (2 marks)

(c) Explain four measures the Government of Kenya has taken to conserve energy. (8 marks)

(d) Some students carried out a field study on sources of energy by sampling households around their school.

(i) Identify two sampling techniques the students may have used during the study. (2 marks)

(ii) Give three advantages of sampling the household for the study. (3 marks)

(a) (i) What is visible trade? (2 marks)

(ii) List three major imports to Kenya from Japan. (3 marks)

(b) Explain four factors that influence internal trade in Kenya. (8 marks)

(c) State four ways in which trade is of significance to Kenya. (4 marks)

(d) Explain four benefits which member states of ECOWAS derive from the formation of the trading bloc. (8 marks)


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