KCSE Past Papers 2013 English Paper 2 (101/2)

  • 5.1.2 English Paper 2 (101/2)

    1. a)- Domestic waste: left~over rice, ugali, fish heads, rotting water melons and half-eaten bananas. (Any 2 = 1 mark)

    Industrial: newspapers, directories, soiled drape, lipstick cylinders, medicine vials, toys and cigarette butts. (Any 2 = 1 mark)

    (b) As it rots, a banana turns black and then becomes abnormally sweet. (2 marks)

    (c) Garbage harbours all manner of germs which could easily compromise an immune system that is already weak. (2 marks)

    (d) However, the knowledge han/ested from a dump-site compensates for the grim working conditions. (1 marks)

    (e)This is because the term is not the author’s. It has simply been borrowed from elsewhere. He is sarcastic about it. There is no office without paper.

    (2 marks)

    (f) Usually, whatever is processed on the computer needs to be printed. This spurs the generation of paper waste since the printed matter will eventually be discarded. This is quite contrary to the predicted reduction of paper waste. There is more creation of paper waste rather than its reduction. (2 marks)

    (g)Resin is a raw material used in manufacturing products and it makes them heavy. (2 marks)


  • paper products occupy too much space. 
  • Unlike plastic products, paper waste has been increasing in dump-sites.
  • bread and butter work – basic;
  • static – unchanging/constant;
  • gets under way – begins/takes place. (3 marks)2. a)Peter Stockmann/the Mayor, is eager to have the article published at the time to attract more people to the Baths; more revenue (and therefore more profits for the shareholders of whom he is one) for the town. Dr. Stockmann on the other hand, is awaiting the confirmation of his suspicion of the contamination of the baths (pgs 50, 38, 86). Dr. is waiting for the lab reports, hence the need to delay. (2 marks)

    b)He is suspicious that the baths may be contaminated. Secondly, he is compelled to await the result analysis of samples sent to the University laboratories before he can commit to a final informed stand. ( 2 marks)

    c) Peter Stockmann comes through as:

    (i) bossy/a bully/intimidating – he attempts to threaten Dr. Stockmann by using his superior position; “…. someday you will ….”

    (ii) suspicious/impatient – he does not give Dr. Stockmann any chance to explain, but jumps to conclusion that Thomas is dealing unfaithfully and is withholding relevant infonnation from him;

    (iii) conceited – He fancies himself superior to Thomas and presumes to understand him better.

    (iv) Fastidious /stickler for protocol – he insists things must be done with due decorum and through the established authority.

    (v) Bureaucratic: “… through the proper channels and shall …”

    (vi) Suspicious: “is there something going on …”

    (vii) Impatient: “I should have thought that this ….”

    (viii) Vain/arrogant/conceited: I, as Chairman of the

    (Any three traits. 1 mark for trait, 1 mark for illustration = 6 marks)

    d)Peter Stockmann is conceded about the economic welfare of the community. (He opposes anything that may jeopardize livelihoods, but essentially he is protecting the economic class interests, not those of the common man. He is ready to sacrifice some for economic gain). Thomas Stockmann, on the other hand, is concerned about the health implications of the baths to the community and the visitors (tourists). He is ready to sacrifice short term gains for long term, sustainable gains. (4 marks)

    e) (i) That he needs to be careful to transact everything through the established authority/follow proper channels.

    (ii) The fact that his actions have consequences, some of which may be nasty. (Expect both, points = 2 marks)

    f) Dr. Stockmann challenged the Mayor to prove that he had ever used dubious or underhand methods] Dr. Stockmann demanded that the Mayor name even one instance when he had used dubious or underhand methods. Dr/He asked him if he had at any time used dubious or underhand methods. (1 marks)

    g) Foregrounding is the action of emphasizing/making something stand out using linguistic devices. It is used to highlight important aspects of a text l invite interpretation.


  • at least not tonight
  • He is waiting for the report.
  • “… or, to be more accurate …” Respect or obey the authority (Mayor)
  • sooner or later The Mayor is threatening the Doctor.
  • “….I, as the Chairman of the ….” He is reminding the Doctor of his surbodinate position.
  • “at least”
  • “Never seem to learn …..”;
  • “Dubious or underhand methods”;
  • “ingrained tendency”. (2 marks)3.a)The poem is about a couple who rushed into marriage before they knew each other. The man discovers that he has been cheated when a child who is supposedly his offspring is of a different colour. The couple separate/Both die in an accident living the child helpless. (4 marks)

    b) The mother is unreliable/deceitful/unfaithful/dishonest/prorniscous/irnmoral/ untrustworthy. – She wants the man to accept responsibility for a child that he obviously has not fathered.


  • She’s calculating/scheming/conning.
  • She is irresponsible
  • She leaves no inheritance for the child – she has not introduced the child to any of his or her kin.1 mark for identification 1 marks for illustration. (Any two traits = 4 marks)

    c.(i) disclaimed – denied. (1 mark)

    (ii) The mother’s husband is not the biological father of the child. (1 mark) This infuriated him for being cheated.

    (l mark)

    d) The birth of a child should have consolidated the manage yet it led to separation.


  • A pale child from a black father.
  • It is ironical that the child who is innocent is seen as illegitimate/He has not done anything wrong yet he is declared an out-cast.
  • An illegitimate child from a legitimate marriage.(Any one instance. 1 mark for identification 2 marks for explanation = 3 marks)

    (e)Attitude – pities/sympathetic: the casualty “the poor boy”

    The persona recognizes that the poor boy suffers because of other peoples mistakes.

    (2 marks for identification, 1 mark for explanation)=(3 marks)

    (f)They both died/they both passed on. (Any – 1 mark)


  • All that glitters is not gold.(h) – Hurry hurry has no blessing.


  • Look before you leap. 
  • When two bulls fight, the grass suffers.
  • Marry in a hurry, repent at leisure. (Any one proverb – 2 marks)4.a) (i) Difficult as it was, we completed the task. (comma missing = V2 a mark)

    (ii) He denied insulting me ll-le denied having insulted me! he had insulted me.

    (iii) At no cost will I support your evil plans.

    (iv) She is renovating her house with a view to selling it. (4 marks)

    b)(I)The first sentence means “ the person also attended the ceremony in addition to those others cited while the second sentence means the person attended the ceremony in addition to doing those other things she did and which were previously mentioned. (1 mark)

    (ii) The first sentence advises the person to bring the umbrella only when it rains; the second one advises the person to bring an umbrella just to be on the safe side should it rain. (1 mark)


  • put off;
  • take up;
  • gone down. (3 marks)(d)
  • suitability ;
  • inexplicable
  • unrecognisable. (3 marks)e)
  • would have passed;
  • would not have been overtaken;
  • will not be saved. (3 marks)(15 marks)
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