INTRODUCTION TO INFORMATION RESOURCES NOTES

DEFINATION OF TERMS

INFORMATION

Information is an assemblage of recorded data in a comprehensive form both recorded on paper or electronic and capable of communication. (Harold`s Librarian Glossary)

RESOURCES

This is an available means of support from which an individual gains; it can be a person or material.

MEDIA

It is a carrier of a message or a means of communication. It therefore is the linkage between the message and the recipient referred to as information users` or consumers.

MATERIAL RESOURCES

This refers to tangible sources of information. It corporate print and none print media.

PRINT MEDIA

The print media came into being around 16th century through the Chinese who invented paper. A man called Johannes Gutenberg invented the printing press. This changed the history of mankind. It helped in reading and writing skills and as a result mass production of printed sources e.g. the textbook and newspaper were developed. It is the source of information arising in information content in a printed form. This is though an impression that produces letters, words and pictures on a paper or any other given surface.

NON PRINT MEDIA

This is a term referring to those sources of information arising through or from recorded sounds and images e.g. films, magnetic tapes, drama form disks, slides etc. They are usually associated with the concept of electronics and even paper – based media e.eg. Photographs and these are all products of the modern communication technique. It’s also a modern communication media for storage and retrieval of information and in fact supplement the print media in the communication process.

The print and non – print media are important channels of information in a communication system. Choice of an information channel depends on its availability, accessibility and its effectiveness (refers to the capability of that information resource to communicate)

Examples of non – print

Audiotapes, filmstrips, microfiche, audiotapes, sound films, the dimensional materials i.e. real e.g. models, specimens and objects.

INSTITUTIONAL RESOURCES

They are available aids that assist information dissemination through provision of certain functions or services i.e. they give accommodation/ house the material resources and conserve and produce, organize the information.

Examples include;

Libraries, publishing firms, electronic video centers, archival and documentations centre.

HUMAN RESOURCE

These are the personal providing the information lab our force. In the information field comprises of librarians, document lists, archivists etc. and other

Specialist’s information providers such as health officers, information brokers etc.

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