UNIVERSITY EXAMINATIONS: 2018/2019
EXAMINATION FOR THE DIPLOMA IN BUSINESS INFORMATION
TECHNOLOGY/ DIPLOMA IN INFORMATION TECHNOLOGY
DCU101 HEALTH AWARENESS AND LIFE SKILLS
DATE: AUGUST, 2019 TIME: 2HOURS
INSTRUCTIONS: Answer question ONE and any other TWO questions.
QUESTION ONE (30 MARKS) (Compulsory)
a) According to the World Health Organization, developing countries still have the highest number of
HIV/AIDS infections despite increased awareness and numerous sensitization campaigns. Discuss
in depth at least five factors that fuel the spread of HIV in Africa. (10 Marks)
b) While there are communicable diseases like malaria, cholera, polio, which can be managed
with the help of proper treatment, there are lifestyle diseases which can be prevented by
changing the way we live. Discuss in details five major courses of lifestyle diseases.
c) Substance abuse is when you take drugs that are not legal. It’s also when you use alcohol, prescription
medicine, and other legal substances too much or in the wrong way. Discuss the impacts of drugs and
alcohol abuse to the family. (10 Marks)
The World Health Organization (WHO) estimates that there are more than 1 million new STDs
acquired each day globally, according to the recent study.
i) Discuss health complications of sexually transmitted diseases to an individual (10 Marks)
ii) Discuss prevention strategies of sexually transmitted diseases (10 Marks)
Drugs and substance abuse is not only a personal problem that dramatically affects individuals’ lives, but
is a major social problem that affects society as whole.
i) Discuss the Kenya Government’s efforts to reduce drugs and alcohol abuse (10 Marks)
ii) Discuss the causes of drug and substance abuse in Kenya (10 Marks)
Sexual and gender based violence is any harmful act based on differences between males and females;
sexual, psychological or physical, perpetrated against a person.
Discuss how sexual and gender based violence increases the risk of HIV infection
Life skills is a term used to describe a set of basic skills acquired through learning and/or direct life
i) Discuss at list five life skills under emotional category (10 Marks)
ii) Discuss general benefits of life skills (10 Marks)