BIT 2301 RESEARCH METHODOLOGY KCA Past Paper

UNIVERSITY EXAMINATIONS: 2011/2012
YEAR 2 EXAMINATION FOR THE BACHELOR OF SCIENCE IN
INFORMATION TECHNOLOGY
BIT 2301 RESEARCH METHODOLOGY
DATE: APRIL 2012 TIME: 2 HOURS
INSTRUCTIONS: Answer Question One and Any other Two Questions

QUESTION ONE
a) Differentiate between the following terms
i.Validity and Reliability
ii.Qualitative and quantitative research methods
iii.Descriptive and inferential statistics [6 Marks]
b) List any four functions of a research proposal [4 Marks]
c) Explain the research process [7 Marks]
d) Research involves extracting meaning from facts. Give examples of three methods that are used to extract
meaning from facts [3 Marks]
e) List three functions of statistics [3 Marks]
f) List five type of validity [5 Marks]
g) What is a case study [2 Marks]
QUESTION TWO
a) Interview is one of the methods to obtain data. Explain three types of interviews [3 Marks]
b) Explain three types of experimental Designs [6 Marks]
c) Experimental research can be classified to independent, dependent, functional and factorial designs.
Clearly explain each classification [4 Marks]
d) Define the following terms
i. Statistics
ii. Hypotheses
iii. Data Supremacy
iv. Literature review [4 Marks]
e) State three good research ingredients [3 Marks]
QUESTION THREE
a) Describe three dissertation enhancing features [3 Marks]
b) Explain factors that may course Bias in research design [3 Marks]
c) Descriptive survey looks at phenomena of moment and describes the phenomena fully.
State and explain features of descriptive survey [8 Marks]
d) State and explain types of sampling procedure [6 Marks]
QUESTION FOUR
a) Explain the following terms as used in research
i.Tool
ii.Method
iii.Methodology [5 Marks]
b) Research problem form the bases of the research, it should be well stated. Discuss vital aspects put in
place when stating the research problem [8 Marks]
c) Discuss five importance of literature review in a research [5 Marks]
d) What is the importance of a research proposal to the researcher [2 Marks]
QUESTION FIVE
a) Qualitative research is a broad term encompassing variety of approaches to interpretative research.
Explain [10 Marks]
b) Explain the meaning of the following descriptive research
i. Longitudinal research
ii. Correctional research
iii. Ex Post Facto research [3 Marks]
c) Discuss five sampling techniques, stating appropriate, advantages and disadvantages [5 Marks]
d) One of the important research tools is the ability to make MEASUREMENTS. Explain the term
measurements. [2 Marks]

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