Exceptions to the nemodat rule:
- Sale under voidable title: When the seller of the goods has a voidable title to them, but his title has not been avoided at the time of the sale, the buyer acquires a good title.
- Sale by a mercantile agent: A mercantile agent, acting in the ordinary course of business, can give a good title to the purchaser of goods provided the purchaser receives them in good faith and without notice of any lien.
- Sale by buyer in possession: Where a. buyer, having bought or agreed to buy goods, obtains possession or title of the goods with the consent of the seller.
- Sale by seller in possession: Where a seller, after having sold the goods, continues to be in possession of the goods, or a document of title to the goods, and again sells them or pledges the same.
- Title by estoppel: In a contract of sale, estoppel may arise where the owner by an act or omission leads the buyer to believe that the seller has the right to sell.
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