Project stakeholders

According to the Project Management Institute (PMI), the term project stakeholder refers to, ‗an individual, group, or organization, who may affect, be affected by, or perceive itself to be affected by a decision, activity, or outcome of a project‘ (Project Management Institute, 2013).

Project stakeholders are entities that have an interest in a given project. These stakeholders may be inside or outside an organization which:
1. sponsor a project, or
2. have an interest or a gain upon a successful completion of a project;
3. May have a positive or negative influence in the project completion.

The following are examples of project stakeholders:

  • Project leader
  • Project team members
  • Senior management
  • Project customer
  • Resource Managers
  • Line Managers
  • Product user group
  • Project testers
  • Any group impacted by the project as it progresses
  • Any group impacted by the project when it is completed
  • Subcontractors to the project
  • Consultants to the project
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