Principles and Practice of Management 2015 November Knec Past Paper

1. (a) Outline five ways in which technical skills are useful to a manager when carrying out managerial tasks in an organization. (10 marks)
(b) Give five reasons why a manager may find it necessary to apply the scientific principles of management when carrying out his duties in an organization. (10 marks)
2. (a) Highlight five limitations of using the Management By Objectives approach to provide management solutions in an organization. (10 marks)
(b) ’ Managers may sometimes be reluctant to adopt the product divisional basis for structuring organizations. Give five reasons that the managers may have for such reluctance. (10 marks)
3. (a) Outline five ways through which employees can ensure effective utilization of their working hours in an organization. (10 marks)
(b) Give five reasons that justify the need for organizations to purchase stock in appropriate quantities. (10 marks)
4. (a) Wage differences among employees in an organization are unavoidable and serve certain purposes. Explain five such purposes. (10 marks)
(b) Explain five circumstances under which a manager may adopt the participative style of
leadership in an organization. (10 marks)
5. (a) Highlight five limitations that may be associated with the use of money to motivate
employees in an organization. (10 marks)
(b) The Marketing Manager at Bass Ltd has recommended a change in the pricing of one of the organization’s products. Outline five reasons that may have led to this recommendation. (10 marks)
6. (a) The level of conflict among employees at Nete Ltd has been on the increase in the recent past. Explain five measures that the management should take to address this problem. (10 marks)
(b) Explain five organizational factors that may contribute to stress among employees in a sales and marketing firm. (10 marks)
7. (a) Emerging technology may pose a number of challenges to organizations today. Highlight five ways in which a manager may deal with such challenges. (10 marks)
(b) Outline five techniques that a manager may adopt in order to enhance coordination in an organization.

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