MMB 2373 : ETHICS AND RISKS IN MEDICAL MICROBIOLOGY Past Paper

W1-2-60-1-6

JOMO KENYATTA UNIVERSITY
OF
AGRICULTURE AND TECHNOLOGY

University Examinations 2014/2015

THIRD YEAR SECOND SEMESTER EXAMINATION FOR THE DEGREE OF BACHELOR OF SCIENCE IN MEDICAL MICROBIOLOGY

MMB 2373 : ETHICS AND RISKS IN MEDICAL MICROBIOLOGY

DATE: APRIL 2015 TIME: 2 HOURS

INSTRUCTIONS: ANSWER QUESTION ONE (COMPULSORY) AND
ANY OTHER TWO QUESTIONS.

 

QUESTION ONE (30 MARKS)

(a) Define the following:

(i) Beneficence. [1 mark]
(ii) Autonomy. [1 mark]
(iii) Maleficence. [1 mark]
(iv) Justice. [1 mark]
(v) Descriptive ethics. [1 mark]
(vi) Normative ethics. [1 mark]

(b) Briefly explain the important aspects of Nuffield Council on Bioethics (infectious diseases). [5 marks]

(c) (i) Differentiate between risk and benefit in research. [2 marks]

(ii) Explain briefly types of risks to research subjects in medical
microbiology. [4 marks]
(d) Explain briefly elements of informed consent. [5 marks]

(e) Briefly describe Class II Biosafety cabinet. [5 marks]

(f) Outline eight guidelines to be followed during collection of specimens in a microbiology laboratory. [4 marks]

QUESTION TWO (20 MARKS)

Discuss ethical review as an important aspect of medical microbiology research. [20 marks]

QUESTION THREE (20 MARKS)

Discuss internal quality control in microbiology. [20 marks]

QUESTION FOUR (20 MARKS)

Discuss waste management disposal guidelines and decontamination in a microbiology laboratory. [20 marks]

 

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