MAT 105 GRAPHS KCA Past Paper

UNIVERSITY EXAMINATIONS: 2011/2012
EXAMINATION FOR THE CERTIFICATE IN BRIDGING MATHEMATICS
MAT 105 GRAPHS
DATE: APRIL 2012 TIME: 1½ HOURS
INSTRUCTIONS: Answer Question One and Any other Two Questions

QUESTION ONE [30 MARKS]
a) Determine the equation describing a straight line that passes thorough (-3,5) and (7,2). [3 Marks]
b) Using a suitable scale, plot the function y = 3x − 2 on the Cartesian plane . [3 Marks]
c) Plot the basic graph of 3 1 2
y = x − x + , for − 4 ≤ x ≤ 4 ,on the same axis plot f (−x) and describe the
transformation. [9 Marks]
d) Determine the feasible region described by the following inequalities

[6 Marks]
e) Given that y = sin 2x and that 0° ≤ x ≤ 360°, plot this trigonometric function on a Cartesian plane.
[9 Marks]
QUESTION TWO [15 MARKS]
a) A straight line whose gradient is -2 meets another straight line perpendicularly at the point
(2,3).Calculate the equations of these two straight lines hence plot them on the Cartesian plane.
[8 Marks]
b) The end of semester examination paper has twenty questions worth 100 points. The examination
consists of optional questions worth 3 points each and compulsory questions worth 11 points each.
Using graphical method, determine how many compulsory questions are on this examination.
[7 Marks]
QUESTION THREE [15 MARKS]
a) Given the general form of equation of a circle as x2
+ y2
– 6x + 4y + 9 = 0.
i. Find the center and radius of the circle. [3Marks]
ii. Graph the circle. [4 Marks]
b) Mr. Been invested Ksh 30000.00; part at 5% and part at 8%.The total interest rate on the investment
was Ksh 2100.Using the graphical method, find how much he invested at each rate. [8 Marks]
QUESTION FOUR [15 MARKS]
a) Plot the graph of 4 ( 2)
2y = x − − for the values -4≤x≤4, hence solve 0 4 2
x − x = [7 Marks]
b) The sum of two numbers is 30.Using graphical method determine the maximum product of these
two numbers. [8 Marks]
QUESTION FIVE [15 MARKS]
A farmer has a total of 150 tomato and cucumber plants. Each tomato plant yields 4 kg of tomatoes.
Each cucumber plant yields 6 kg of cucumbers. The total yield is 710 kg.
i) Formulate the required equations [4 Marks]
ii) Plot the equations on the same Cartesian plane [6 Marks]
iii) Using a graphs plotted determine how many cucumber plants are there? [5 Marks]

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