KCSE Past Papers 2020 History and Government Paper 2 (311/2)

Section A (25 marks)

Answer all questions in this section.

1. Give two sources of information on History and Government.(2 mark)

2. What does the Creation Theory state about the origin of man?(1 mark)

3. Name the person who invented the seed drill. (1 mark)

4. Give two modern ways of communication.(2 marks)

5. Give two factors which were responsible for the emergence of the ancient town of Cairo.(2 marks)

6. Who was Omulamuzi in Buganda Kingdom during the 19th century?(1 mark)

7. Identify two systems of administration used by the Europeans during the colonial period in Africa.(2 marks)

8. Name two organs of the Commonwealth.(2 marks)

9. Give the organ of the African Union that hears cases of human abuses.(1 mark)

10. Identify one main political party in the United States of America.(1 marks)

11. Outline two political challenges that the Democratic Republic of Congo has faced since independence.(2 marks)

12. Give the main reason for the formation of the Economic Community of West African States (ECOWAS).(1 marks)

13. Identify two officials who assisted Mutapa in the administration of the Shona Kingdom during the precolonial period.(2 marks)

14. Give two factors which led to the growth of London as an urban centre.(2 marks)

15. Name one early source of energy. (1 mark)

16. State the main use of the pipeline as a means of transport. (1 mark)

17. Define the term “barter trade”. (1 mark)

Section B (45 marks)

Answer any three questions from this section.

18. (a) State five social factors which led to the European scramble for colonies in Africa.(5 marks)

(b) Discuss five reasons for the growth of nationalism in Mozambique.(10 marks)

19.(a) Give five characteristics of the Industrial Revolution in Europe.(5 marks)

(b) Explain five reasons why Britain was the first country in the world to industrialise.(10 marks)

20.(a) Highlight five economic developments which have taken place in the Democratic Republic of Congo since independence.(5 marks)

(b) Explain five economic challenges that Tanzania has faced since independence.(10 marks)

21.(a) Identify five European powers which colonised Africa.(5 marks)

(b) Explain five results of the Mandinka resistance against the French invasion in the 19th century.(10 marks)

22. (a) State five functions of the Legislature in India.(3 marks)

(b) Discuss six advantages of the Federal Government of the United States of America.(12 marks)

23. (a) Identify three challenges faced by the Pan-African Movement.(3 marks)

(b) Discuss six achievements of the East African Community (EAC), 2001.(12 marks)

24.(a) Highlight three achievements of the United Nations since its formation.(3 marks)

(b) Explain six challenges which the United Nations faces in its efforts to maintain world peace.(12 marks)

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