KCSE Past Papers 2017 History and Government (311/1)

History and Government paper 1

1. Identify two pre-historic sites where the remains of Kenyapithecus were discovered. (2 marks)

2. State two ways in which the migration of the Cushites into Kenya affected the Agikuyu during the pre-colonial period. (2 marks)

3. Identify the main economic activity of the Maasai during the pre-colonial period. (1 mark)

4. State two factors which enabled the Arabs to sail from Oman to the Kenyan Coast. (2 marks)

5. State two conditions which one must fulfil in order to get Kenyan citizenship by registration. (2 marks)

6. State two ways in which poverty undermines unity in Kenya. (2 marks)

7. Identify one political factor which causes conflicts in Kenya. (1 mark)

8. Identify the main disadvantage of democracy. (I mark)

9. State two ways in which the Bill of Rights promotes the interest of youth in Kenya. (2 marks)

10. Give two similar effects of the Maasai and Wanga collaboration with the British. (2 marks)

11. Identify the main reason why the local government was established in Kenya during the colonial period. (1 mark)

12. Give one reason why the government encouraged settlers to come to Kenya during the colonial period. (1 mark)

13. State one reason why the Africans in Kenya started independent schools during the colonial period. (1 mark)

14. Identify the main voting system used in Kenya during the general elections. (1 mark)

15. Outline one function of the speaker of the County Assembly in Kenya. (1 mark (1 mark

16. Identify one type of ownership which is spelt out in the African Socialism adopted in Kenya after independence. (1 mark)

17. Identify the two types of expenditure by the National Government of Kenya.

SECTION B (45 marks)

Answer any three questions from this section in the space provided at the end of question 24.

18. (a) Apart from the Akamba, identify five other Eastern Bantu communities which settled in Kenya during the pre-colonial period. (5 marks)

(b) Describe the political organisation of the Akamba during the pre-colonial period. ( 10 marks)

19. (a) State five social effects of the Uganda railway on Kenya during the colonial period. (5 marks)

(b) Explain five ways in which colonial land policies in Kenya undermined African economy during the colonial period. (10 marks)

20. (a) Give five early political organisations formed in Kenya up to 1939. (5 marks)

21. (a) Outline five features of African Socialism in kenya (5 marks)

(b) Explain Five ways in which the harambee has promoted social development in kenya since independence (10 marks)

SECTION C (30 marks)

Answer any two questions from this section in the space provided at the end of question 24.

22. (a) Give the composition of the County Assembly in Kenya. (3 marks)

(b) Explain six factors which undermine the provision of services by the County Government in Kenya. (12 marks)

23. (a) Outline three qualifications for a person to contest for Presidency in Kenya. (3 marks)

(b) Discuss six functions of the Cabinet in Kenya. (12 marks)

24. (a) Name three groups which provides health services in Kenya. (3 marks)

(b) Explain six factors which have undermined government effort in the provision of health services in Kenya. (12 marks)

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