4.1.2 English Paper 2 (101/2)
l. (a) Because they offer the human race many irreplaceable resources/ leads to animals and plants extinction. (2 marks)
(b) – Rainforests get their name from the fact that they receive very high rainfall which averages 80 inches a year.
– Creates dense, lush vegetation. (2 marks)
(c) So close together are the huge evergreen trees that their branches overlap and form an enormous towering canopy. (1 mark)
(d) – Rare compounds used by pharmaceutical companies will be lost.
– If these forests are destroyed, this research will not be possible and we may never ﬁnd a cure for cancer / possibility of further medical discoveries will be hindered.
– This will adversely affect the sufferers of Parkinson’s disease and mental conditions.
(expect all the 3 points, 1 mark each)
(e) – Civilization is supposed to build, rather than destroy.
– It is used ironically/it means the opposite/it is sarcastic (expect an explanation) eg. civilization is supposed to better life rather than destroy.
(f) Sample summary
The greenhouse effect causes global warming ®which could subsequently lead to the submerging of coastal regions / islands It also disrupts rainfall patterns / brings long dry s ells, making former agricultural areas deserts This results in famine. CB (32 Words) (4 marks)
– Allow a maximum of 40 words. Answer must be in continuous prose, if not deduct 50% of candidate’s score.
(g) The pressure is about the demand for more human settlement, ®fuel and raw materials such as wood ® and for cultivation (any 2, 1 mark each)
(h) (i) deprive – deny/disposess/rob/strip
(ii) detriment – harrn/damage/ destruction/disadvantage
(iii) contending with – dealing with/ grappling with/ struggling with/ combating/ striving with/ facing.
(iv) Stand up to be counted – make up your mind to support/ make your decision to join the struggle to (conserve rain forests)/ be pan of the solution.
2. Compulsory Novel.
Margaret Ogolla, The River and the Source
(a) – Convinced Maria to accept Mark Antony Oloo as an aspiring suitor.
– Organized for the invitation/invited male relatives according to chik/traditions.
– She did the actual preparations for the day ie. food and drinks.
(b) – Nostalgic / fond memories.
– This day reminds Akoko of her own betrothal to Owuor Kembo.
(identiﬁcation – 2 marks, illustration 1 mark, illustration without identiﬁcation – O)
(c) – Christianity was not so strange because the Christian God could be compared to Were. ® Just as the people here had traditionally aid reverence to Were, Christianity teaches that people ought to stand in awe of God. ®Were rovides guidance to the people and Christians believe that their God does too. ® (3 marks)
OR – Complete quote from: “A stones throw away —- — guided the people.” (2 marks) Penalize lifting.
(d) The narrator says that the school is “the place of learning without which one was as a blind man in a strange house.” @The narrator implies that education brings enlightenment and broadens a person’s perspective (any one point = 2 marks)
(e) – Oloo is eager to make a lasting impression/ man of style/dressed to impress.
His attire is ostentatious/dashing. He has also managed to blend tradition with modernity. Discerning/shrewd.
– He is ignorant of some traditional practices (like making prior inquiries about the girl’s background).
– Oloo also respects tradition (because he involves his family in the marriage negotiations).
– He is learned.
– He was a soldier/fought white man in distant land/widely traveled.
– He is clerk.
– He earns a good salary/hard working.
– He is of light complexion.
– He is reasonable.
– Luo from Seme.
– Descedant of Nyagudi Kogambi.
– He has no father.
– He is responsible.
(f) It should be established that a girl is of good character and that she comes from a respectable family. It must also be made clear whether or not there is a blood relation between the man and the woman. (3 marks)
(g) – Oloo’s uncle wants to make it clear that his nephew is beyond reproach/blameless/ good character. His objective is to convince the girl’s family that she is lucky to be chosen as Oloo’s future wife because he has good education and a good job and can therefore adequately provide for her/ to give assurance that their girl will be taken care of .
– To impress the prospective in-laws.
– To reveal what the spy would have told them.
– To apologize/create rapport/create understanding between the two families.
(h) Not only was their daughter a prize and a beacon, but she was also a source of pride for the entire clan. (1 mark)
(i) (i) Unheeding ………………….. .. insensitive/ deaf/showing disregard/blind.
(ii) Intriguing …………………. .. puzzling/ mysterious/fascinating/interesting/ charming. (1 mark)
(m) Parochial …………………. .. narrow-minded/ ignorant/conservative (1 mark) (3 marks)
3. (a) The singers are unmarried people, most likely girls. This is because they focus on the things that unmarried girls enjoy./ It is sang by married women because they are the ones who know what responsibilities and restrictions a married woman faces.
– Sisters/brothers, “Oh my sister”, “Daughter of my mother”.
(b) ‘ Repetition – in all the stanzas, lines two, three and four are very similar. Stanzas four and ﬁve basically repeat what is in the earlier stanzas.
“from this day”. (expect a quote)
– Regular rhythm pattern – the stanzas have ﬁve lines each, and the lines are very close in length.
- Structure – organized/it has stanzas – made up of lines.
- Direct address in line l of every stanza “Oh my sister, listen!”- Alliteration, “Have you heard”.- Rhetorical question, “Have you heard”.- Direct translation, “Daughter of my mother”.
(any 2 for 2 marks each) = (4 marks)
(c) The society expects married women to:
- Fetch water
- Work on the farm
- Have babies and take care of them
- Not to spend time idling/chatting(Any 3, 1 mark)(d)
- Communicate the reality of marriage to the bride/educate/ready/advise.
- Entertainment during a Wedding
- Communicate the society’s expectations to the bride/caution/Warm.
- Tease the bride(Any 2 for 2 marks each) = (4 marks)(e)
- Laughs/be amused/smile – Perhaps she has done it to many other brides in the past.
- Weep/cry – It brings to realization the seriousness of the step she is taking.
- Act deﬁantly to mean that what they are saying will not be her experience / she is ready for Whatever lies ahead of her.
Expressing doubt/uncertainity/fear apprehension, “From this day, life will change”. (3 marks)(f) The 4th stanza summarises @the signiﬁcant content in the ﬁrst three stanzas; (D emphasises/concludes the message of the song. (2 marks)(g)The phrase “daughter of my mother” is more endearing/shows the closeness between the singers and the bride. (1 mark)
4. (a) (i)But for the shortage of funds at the time, I would gladly have helped them/ I would have gladly helped them.
(ii)It is such ideas (that) We need.
(iii)The matter has been being looked into by the Board of Governors.
(iv)Mathenge asked his friend how often he went there.
Comma missing = O
(b) (i)Most people prefer playing football to hockey.
(ii)Emachar is the highest paid employee in this company./ Emachar is the most
highly paid employee in this company.
(iii)I demand to know What this is.
(iv)The fact that you cannot do it does not mean (that) it is impossible./ The fact that you are not able/unable to do it does not mean it is impossible.
(V)“My name is John Kamau Mwangi,” the little boy murmured.
(c) (i)Each category of verbs behaves in a different Way.
(ii)I Wonder why the bell is being rung this early.
(iii)I could not remember the deﬁnition of the word.
(iv)The enormity of the crisis was shocking.
(4 marks) Wrong spelling = O
(d) (i)There are some who will try to cause trouble/conﬂict/disagreements during the meeting.
(ii)Can We stop Wasting time on something that is not working/doing the impossible/engaging in futility and instead move on to something” more useful?