KCSE Past Papers 2011 History and Government (311/2)

History and Government Paper 2 (311/2)

SECTION A (25 marks)

Answer all the questions in this section in the answer booklet provided.

1 Give two archaeological sources of information on History and Government. (2 marks)

2 Give two reasons that made early human beings to live in groups during the Stone Age period. (2 marks)

3 Identify two ways through which early agriculture spread in Africa. (2 marks)

4 State two limitations of using animal transport. (2 marks)

S Why was ‘silent trade’ practised by Trans-saharan traders? (1 mark)

6 identify the main factor that led to the growth of the Ancient town of Meroe. (1 mark)

7 What was the main function of the Council of elders among African societies during the pre-colonial period? (1 mark)

8 State two social factors that led to the scramble for colonies in Africa by European powers. (2 marks)

9 Name one African country that was not colonized by the European powers. (1 mark)

10 State two roles played by the African chiefs in British Colonial administration in Nigeria. (2 marks)

11 Name the Chartered company that administered Zimbabwe during the process of colonization. (1 mark)

12 Give the main reason for the formation of the League of Nations in 1919. (1 mark)

13 Give two economic reasons for the growth of African Nationalism in Ghana. (2 marks)

14 Outline two factors that enabled Tanzania to maintain national unity since independence. (2 marks)

15 What is ‘veto power’ as used by the United Nations? (1 mark)

16 Name one major political party in the United States of America. (1 mark)

17 Name one type of election held for the House of Commons in Britain. (1 mark)

SECTION B (45 marks)

Answer any THREE questions from this section in the answer booklet provided.

18 (a) Give three physical characteristics of the Homo erectus. (3 marks)

b) Explain six cultural practices of Homo sapiens during the New Stone Age. (12 marks)

19 (a) State three disadvantages of coal as a source of energy. (3 marks)

(b) Explain six effects of the Scientific inventions on industry. (12 marks)

20 (a) State three factors that contributed to the development of the Trans-Atlantic trade. (3 marks)

(b)Explain six negative effects on Trans-Atlantic trade on African Communities. (12 marks)

21 (a) State three factors that enabled European powers to colonize Africa in the late 19“ Century. (3 marks)

(b) Explain six effects of the partition of Africa on the Africans. (12 marks)

SECTION C (30 marks)

Answer any TWO questions from this section in the answer booklet provided.

22 (a) Give three functions of the Kabaka of Buganda Kingdom during the pre-colonial period. (3 marks)

(b) Describe the political organization of the Shona during the pre-colonial period. (2 marks)

23 (a) Identify five ways through which the United Nations (UN) promotes good governance in the World. (5 marks)

(b) Explain five achievements of the Non-Aligned Movement (NAM) since its formation. (10 marks)

24 (a) State three objectives for the formation of Common Market for Eastern and Southern Africa (COMESA). (3 marks)

(b) Explain six challenges facing the Common Market for Eastern and Southern Africa (COMESA). (12 marks)


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