KCSE Past Papers 2011 History and Government (311/1)

History and Government Paper 1 (311/1)

SECTION A (25 marks)

Answer all the questions in this section in the answer booklet provided.

1 Give two unwritten sources of information on History and Government. (2 marks)

2 What was the main reason for the migration of the Eastern Bantu from Shungwaya during the pre-colonial period? (1 mark)

3 Give two reasons why Kenyan communities fought against each other during the pre-colonial period. (2 marks)

4 Identify the two main items of trade from the interior of Kenya during the long distance trade.(2 marks)

5 Identify two contributions made by the early Christian missionaries in the field of education in Kenya. (2 marks)

6 Give the meaning of the term ‘national integration. (1 mark)

7 What constitutional amendment made Kenya return to a multi-party state? (1 mark)

8 Name the document which contains the rights of the child in Kenya. (1 mark)

9 Identify two economic benefits of the Kenya-Uganda railway during the colonial period. (2 marks)

10 Give two ways through which the white settlers acquired land in Kenya during the colonial period. (2 marks)

11 State two problems faced by trade union movement during the colonial period in Kenya. (2 marks)

12 State one change introduced by the Lyttleton Constitution of 1954 that benefited the Africans in the struggle for independence. (1 mark)

13 What was the main contribution of Thomas Joseph Mboya to the history of Kenya? (1 mark)

14 State the main function of parliament in Kenya. (1 mark)

15 Give one member of the AEMO at its inception in 1957. (l mark)

16 Name the education commission that recommended the introduction of the 824:4 system of education in Kenya. (1 mark)

17 Give two external sources of Government revenue in Kenya. (2 marks)

SECTION B (45 marks)

Answer any three questions from this section in the answer booklet provided.

18 (a) State five economic activities of the Borana during the pre—colonial period. (5 marks)

(b) Describe the social organisation of the Maasai during the pre-colonial period. (10 marks)

19 (a) State three reasons for the coming of the Portuguese to the Kenyan Coast in the 15th Century. (3 marks)

(b) Explain six effects of the Portuguese rule on the East African Coast. (12 marks)

20 (a) Identify three methods used by the British to establish their rule in Kenya. (3 marks)

(b) Explain six results of the Nandi resistance against British occupation. (12 marks)

21 (a) State five demands made by the East African Association (EAA) to the British Colonial Government in Kenya. (5 marks)

(b) Explain five factors that promoted the rise of African nationalism in Kenya after 1945. (10 marks)

SECTION C (30 marks)

Answer any two questions from this section in the answer booklet provided.

22 (a) State three circumstances that can make a Kenyan citizen to be denied the right to life. (3 marks)

(b) Explain six civic responsibilities of a Kenyan citizen. (12 marks)

23 (a) Give three reasons why general elections are important in Kenya. (3 marks)

(b) Explain six functions of the body incharge of elections in Kenya. (12 marks)

24 (a) Identify three social functions of local authorities. (3 marks)

(b) Explain six challenges facing local authorities in Kenya. (12 marks)

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