KCSE Past Papers 2013 History and Government (311/1)

History & Government Paper 1 (311/1)

SECTION A (25 marks)

Answer ALL the questions in this section.

1 State two ways in which the study of History and Govemment promotes a sense of patriotism in the leamer. (2 marks)

2 Name the community in Kenya that belongs to the Southem Cushites. (1 mark)

3 State two political functions of the Oloibon among the Maasai during the 19th century. (2 marks)

4 Give two ways through which knowledge in marine technology facilitated the coming of the early visitors to the Kenyan Coast. (2 marks)

5 Identify the town that was established by missionaries in Kenya as a centre for freed slaves during the 19th Century. (1 mark)

6 State two ways in which the National Accord and Reconciliation Act, 2008 affected the composition of the govemment in Kenya. (2 marks)

7 Give two reasons why the British used the Imperial British East African Company (I.B.E.A.C.) to administer its possessions in Kenya. (2 marks)

8 Identify two ways in which the results of the collaboration of the Maasai with British was similar to that of the Wanga. (2 marks)

9 Give one way in which the construction of the Uganda railway speeded up the colonization of Kenya. (1 mark)

10 Give the main political contribution of Christian Missionaries in Kenya during the struggle for independence upto 1939. (1 mark)

11 Name the first African to be appointed as minister in Kenya by the colonial government. V (1 mark)

12 State the main result of the Lyttleton Constitutional amendment of 1954. (1 mark) 13 Identify the leader who stepped down as the president of Kenya African Union for Jomo Kenyatta. (1 mark) 14 State two ways in which the harambee spirit promotes national unity in Kenya. (2 marks)

15 State two ways through which the Savings and Credit Co-operative Societies in Kenya benefit their members. (2 marks)

16.State one way through which the opposition political parties in Kenya check on the Government’s excesses. (1 mark)

17.Give the main challenge facing the Free Primary Education programme since its introduction in 2003. (l mark)

SECTION B (45 marks)

Answer THREE questions from this section.

18. a)Give five reasons for the migration of the Mijikenda from Shungwaya during the pre-colonial period. ‘ (5 mark)

b)Explain five social effects of the migration and settlement of the Mijikenda in their present homeland. (10 marks)

19. a)State five factors which influenced the Akamba to participate in the long distance trade. (5 marks)

b)Describe five effects of the long distance trade on the people of Kenya. (10 marks)

20. a)Give five factors that influenced the location of urban centres in Kenya during the colonial period. (5 marks)

b)Explain five factors which led to the migration of Africans to the urban areas in Kenya during the colonial period. (10 marks)

21. a)Give five factors that undermined the activities of the Kenya African Union in the struggle for independence. (5 marks)

b)Describe five political roles played by the African elected members of parliament during the struggle for independence in Kenya. (10 marks)

SECTION C (30 marks)

Answer TWO questions from this section.

22. a)Give three conditions that a person should meet to qualify to be a Kenyan citizen by birth. (3 marks)

b)Explain six social rights of an individual in Kenya. (12 marks)

23. a)State three qualifications for a person to be eligible for election as a member of the National Assembly in Kenya. (3 marks)

b) Explain six functions of the Independent Electoral and Boundaries Commission of Kenya. (12 marks)

24. a) State three objectives of devolving the government of Kenya. (3 marks)

b)Explain six ways in which the County governments raise their revenue. (12 marks)

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