INTRODUCTION TO LAW AND ETHICS

MONDAY: 4 April 2022. Afternoon paper.                                                                                                     Time Allowed: 3 hours.

Answer any FIVE questions. ALL questions carry equal marks. Do NOT write anything on this paper.

QUESTION ONE

  1. In relation to law of tort, explain two ingredients in the tort of negligence. (4 marks)
  2. Discuss five remedies that are available for an unpaid seller under the sale of goods. (10 marks)
  3. In relation to insurance law, the insurer and the insured have to uphold certain insurance principles for good function of an insurance:

Required:
List any six of these insurance principles. (6 marks)
(Total: 20 marks)

QUESTION TWO

1. Explain four functions of law in a civilised society. (8 marks)
2. Define the following terms:

Court’s exclusive jurisdiction. (2 marks)

Rule of law. (2 marks)

Statutory law. (2 marks)

Jurisprudence. (2 marks)

3.  Distinguish between “law” and “morality”. (4 marks)
(Total: 20 marks)

QUESTION THREE

  1. Analyse five guiding principles of leadership and integrity under your country’s Constitution. (10 marks)
  2. In addition to the duties implied by law, the agency relationship imposes certain fiduciary duties on the agent.

Required:
Describe five fiduciary duties of an agent. (10 marks)
(Total: 20 marks)

QUESTION FOUR

1. Explain five factors that might affect a person’s ethical behavior at work. (5 marks)
2. State four benefits of registering a trademark. (4 marks)
Identify three works that are eligible for copyright. (6 marks)
3. Describe five features of a hire purchase. (5 marks)
(Total: 20 marks)

QUESTION FIVE

  1. Discuss any five of the parties to a negotiable instrument. (10 marks)
  2. Define the following terms:

Unilateral mistake. (2 marks)

Misrepresentation. (2 marks)

“Quantum meruit”. (2 marks)

Breach of contract. (2 marks)

Frustration of contract. (2 marks)

(Total: 20 marks)

QUESTION SIX

  1. Explain three types of intellectual property. (6 marks)
  2. Differentiate between “incorporated” and “unincorporated” associations. (4 marks)
  3. Discuss five rules governing transfer of the property in goods from the seller to the buyer. (10 marks)
    (Total: 20 marks)

QUESTION SEVEN

  1. Outline eight advantages of Arbitration over Court process. (8 marks)
  2. Explain the concept of credited liability. (2 marks)
  3. Explain five classes of agents. (10 marks)
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