INTRODUCTION TO LAW AND ETHICS NOVEMBER 2019 PAST PAPER

TUESDAY: 26 November 2019.                                                                                               Time Allowed:   3 hours.

Answer any THREE questions in SECTION I and any TWO questions in SECTION II. ALL questions carry equal marks.

SECTION 1

QUESTION ONE

1.          In the context of classification of law:

Define the term “private law”.                                                                                                                                     (2 marks)

List four types of law which fall under the classification in (a) (i) above.                                                               (4 marks)

2.         Explain three elements of the tort of negligence.                                                                                             (6 marks)

3.         Jones Bati has been accused of defaming his colleague.

Describe four defenses available to Jones Bati for the above tort.                                                                                               (8 marks)

(Total: 20 marks)

 

QUESTION TWO

1.         With reference to the law of contract:

State six rules governing consideration in a contract.                                                                                                  (6 marks)

Highlight three remedies for breach of contract.                                                                                                          (6 marks)

2.           Explain the following four types of judicial precedents:

Original precedent.                                                                                                                                                      (2 marks)

Declaratory precedent.                                                                                                                                                 (2 marks)

Binding precedent.                                                                                                                                                       (2 marks)

Persuasive precedent.                                                                                                                                                ‘ (2 marks)

(Total: 20 marks)

 

QUESTION THREE

1.           Explain five types of jurisdiction that the High Court in your country has.                                 (10 marks)

2.          Identify two entitlements of a citizen in your country.                                                                                                 (2 marks)

Highlight four reasons why citizenship acquired by registration might be revoked.                          (8 marks)

(Total: 20 marks)

 

QUESTION FOUR

1.          With specific reference to sale of goods:

Highlight three rights of the seller against the goods.                                                                                 (6 marks)

Explain three exceptions to the “Nemodat” rule.                                                                                         (6 marks)

2.        Identify four permits that are issued by a county government for newly formed businesses.                        (8 marks)

(Total: 20 marks)

 

SECTION II

QUESTION FIVE

1.           Define the following categories of ethical theories:

Meta ethics.                                                                                                                                                                 (2 marks)

Normative ethics.                                                                                                                                                         (2 marks)

Applied ethics.                                                                                                                                                             (2 marks)

Descriptive ethics..                                                                                                                                                      (2 marks)

2.           Identify six examples of ethical norms in business.                                                                              (6 marks)

3.           List six areas where professional accountants can whistle blow.                                                          (6 marks)

(Total: 20 marks)

 

QUESTION SIX

1.           Summarise six values and principles of public service enshrined in the Constitution of your country.                (6 marks)

2.           Explain two circumstances under which a public officer might be considered to have committed sexual harassment. (4 marks)

3.           Describe five advantages of a code of ethics.                                                                                                                             (10 marks)

(Total: 20 marks)

 

QUESTION SEVEN

1. Explain five circumstances under which a member of a professional institute is guilty of professional misconduct    (10 marks)

2. Describe five fundamental principk*, a professional is required to comply with.                                               (10 marks)

(Total: 20 marks)

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