INTRODUCTION TO LAW AND ETHICS APRIL 2023 PAST PAPER

MONDAY: 24 April 2023. Afternoon Paper.                                                                    Time Allowed: 3 hours.

Answer any FIVE questions. ALL questions carry equal marks. Do NOT write anything on this paper.

QUESTION ONE

1. Describe FIVE duties of a hirer in a hire purchase (5 marks)

2. Outline SIX examples of negotiable instruments (6 marks)

3. Analyse SIX characteristics of a private company (6 marks)

4. State THREE characteristics of an agency (3 marks)

(Total: 20 marks)

 

QUESTION TWO

1. Explain THREE functions of (6 marks)

2. Describe the following types of courts:

  • Courts (2 marks)
  • Kadhis’ (2 marks)

3. Identify SEVEN state officers bound by Constitution’s provision on Leadership and (7 marks)

4. It is the general duty of the principal to remunerate an agent. However, there are circumstances when the principal is not bound to remunerate the agent.

In light of the above statement, highlight THREE reasons that will make the principal not bound to remunerate the agent.  (3 marks)

(Total: 20 marks)

QUESTION THREE

1. With the exception of the tort of false imprisonment, explain FOUR other types of torts that exist under the law of torts (8 marks)

2. State FOUR Theories of Morality (4 marks)

  • Distinguish between a “contract of indemnity” and a “contract of guarantee”. (4 marks)
  • Enumerate TWO disadvantages of delegated legislations (4 marks)

(Total: 20 marks)

 

QUESTION FOUR

1. List FIVE types of insurance (5 marks)

2. Outline FOUR fundamental principles of code of ethics in accounting (4 marks)

3. Describe FIVE circumstances under which an arbitral proceeding may be terminated (5 marks)

4. Explain in SIX ways what constitutes community land in kenya (6 marks)

(Total: 20 marks)

 

QUESTION FIVE

1. Enumerate SIX forms of societies that can be registered with the registrar of societies (6 marks)

2. Summarise FIVE characteristics of judicial precedent (5 marks)

3. In relation to intellectual property, outline THREE criteria that a patent has to satisfy to qualify for protection (3 marks)

4. Describe the following:

  • Doctrine of separation of (2 marks)
  • Judicial (2 marks)
  • Principles of natural (2 marks)

(Total: 20 marks)

 

QUESTION SIX

1. Explain FIVE terms implied in a consumer agreement for the sale of goods contract (10 marks)

2. (i) Distinguish between “enforceability of law” and “enforceability of morality”.  (4 marks)

(ii)  Identify FOUR challenges of common law that equity sought to mitigate.              (4 marks)

3. Outline TWO sources of rules of international law (2 marks)

(Total: 20 marks)

 

QUESTION SEVEN

1. In relation to negotiable instruments, explain THREE rules of an endorsement of a Bill (6 marks)

2. Discuss FOUR rules that govern dual citizenship (8 marks)

3. Summarise SIX rules of the tort of false imprisonment (6 marks)

(Total: 20 marks)

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