UNIVERSITY EXAMINATIONS: 2017/2018
EXAMINATION FOR THE DIPLOMA AND CERTIFICATE INFORMATION
DCU 002: HEALTH AWARENESS AND LIFE SKILLS
DATE: APRIL, 2018 TIME: 1 ½ HOURS
INSTRUCTIONS: Answer question ONE and any other TWO questions.
QUESTION ONE (30 MARKS) (Compulsory)
a) Implementation of effective HIV prevention interventions to reduce new infections still poses a
Challenge in the national response to HIV and AID.
Discuss the five prevention strategies of HIV/AIDS. (10 Marks)
b) Lifestyle diseases are costly to manage and cure hence preventive measures have remained key to
curb the menace. Discuss in detail general causes of lifestyle diseases. (10 Marks)
c) SGBV in Kenya, as elsewhere in the world, is a complex issue that has as its root, the structural
inequalities between men and women that result in the persistence of power differentials between
Discuss the four types of sexual and gender based violence. (10 Marks)
HIV-related stigma and discrimination refers to prejudice, negative attitudes and abuse directed at
people living with HIV and AIDS.
i) Discuss in depth the effects of HIV related stigma to people living with HIV. (10 Marks)
ii) Discuss factors that affect transmission of sexually transmitted diseases. (10 Marks)
Addiction is the continued use of a mood altering substance or behavior despite adverse dependency
consequences, or a neurological impairment leading to such behaviors.
i) Discuss the causes of alcohol and substance abuse in our society (10 Marks)
ii) Discuss ways used to avoid getting involved in drugs and substance abuse. (10 Marks)
Life skills are a set of core activities sometimes described as emotional intelligence that should be
acquired at all levels of personal growth.
i) Discuss the categories of life skills giving three examples of each category.
ii) Discuss the role of academician in prevention of sexual and gender based violence
The United Nations Convention on the Rights of a Child is an international agreement that holds the
government and other key duty bearers – such as teachers, parents and community members –
responsible for the fulfilment and protection of the rights of children.
i) Discuss the four types of child abuse. (10 Marks)
ii) Discuss the prevention strategies of child abuse in Kenya. (10 Marks)