CIT101  COMPUTER AND SOCIETY KCA Certificate Past Paper

UNIVERSITY EXAMINATIONS: 2018/2019
EXAMINATION FOR THE CERTIFICATE IN INFORMATION
TECHNOLOGY
CIT101 COMPUTER AND SOCIETY
FULLTIME/PARTIME
DATE: NOVEMBER, 2018 TIME: 2 HOURS
INSTRUCTIONS: Answer Question ONE AND any other TWO questions.

QUESTION ONE
a) Describe three ways in which IT has changed the structure of an organization.
(10Marks)
b) Explain four real world situations where computers have been responsible for job
replacement. (4Marks)
c) Define the term Intellectual Property Right. (2Marks)
d) Describe any four-recent crime that have been happening in our country today and how
IT is used to control them. (4Marks)
e) Briefly differentiate between encryption and decryption. (2Marks)
f) Briefly discuss any four key technological trends that heighten ethical concerns.
(8Marks)
QUESTION TWO
a) Explain benefits the entire may get if telecommuting becomes widespread.
(5Marks)
b) Briefly describe the problem of software piracy and soft lifting from a teleological
orientation. (5Marks)
c) Explain the impact of computers in the following areas: –
i. Medical
ii. Banking
iii. Education
iv. Entertainment
v. Health sector (10Marks)
QUESTION THREE
a) Explain any five forms of biometric authentication in real life situation. (10Marks)
b) Discuss any five types of Computer security measure that can be taken to ward off
possible danger or damage. (5Marks)
c) Explain five ways in which technology has invaded our privacy. (5Marks)
QUESTION FOUR
a) Justify why employers should do surveillance at work place (5Marks)
b) Explain rights that copy right owners enjoy on their products. (5Marks)
c) Briefly discuss any five social and ethical issues brought about by use of computers in the
workplace. (5Marks)
d) Explain any 5 impacts of social websites like Facebook, Instagram and twitter in the
society. (5Marks)
QUESTION FIVE
a) Explain two situations whereby an individual can say they have privacy on the internet.
(4Marks)
b) Explain the four main roles of conduct in an organization. (4Marks)
c) What are some of the risks posed by the use of artificial Intelligence. (4Marks)
d) Explain a distinction between doing wrong and doing harm; give an example.
(4Marks)
e) What are some reasons why it is reasonable for employers to read employee e-mail? (Give at
least four.) (4Marks)

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