CIT101 COMPUTER AND SOCIETY.

UNIVERSITY EXAMINATIONS: 2018/2019
EXAMINATION FOR THE CERTIFICATE IN INFORMATION
TECHNOLOGY
CIT 101: COMPUTER AND SOCIETY
DATE: AUGUST, 2019 TIME: 2 HOURS
INSTRUCTIONS: Answer Question 1 AND any other TWO questions.

QUESTION ONE
a) Explain the following terms: –
i. Confidentiality
ii. Availability
iii. Integrity
iv. Computer
v. Society (10 Marks)
b) Computers are perhaps, the best invention by man so far. They have impacted the society in the
different sectors. Explain the impact of computers in the following areas: –
i. Medical
ii. Banking
iii. Education
iv. Entertainment
v. Health sector (10 Marks)
c) Briefly describe the Four types of computer security. (4 Marks)
d) Explain two ways on how technology has threatened our privacy. (2 Marks)
f) List four features of a society today. (4 Marks)
QUESTION TWO
a) Computer crime is criminal activity that is related to use of computers. Explain the following
forms of computer crime.
i. Computer fraud (2Marks)
ii. Copyright infringement (2Marks)
iii. Computer theft (2Marks)
iv. Computer attack (2Marks)
b) Explain any four key technological trends that heighten ethical concerns. (8Marks)
c) Describe two ethical problems created by technological revolution. (4Marks)
QUESTION THREE
a) Explain any four potential challenges of integrating a new technology into the society.
(8Marks)
b) Authentication has played a major role in implementing computer ethics by safe guarding against
unauthorized access and use. Explain any five forms of biometric authentication.
(10Marks)
c) Differentiate between patent and copyright. (2Marks)
QUESTION FOUR
a) Describe four real world situations where computers have been responsible for job replacement.
(8Marks)
b) Define the term computer ethics. (1Mark)
c) Discuss the four social and ethical issues brought about by use of computers in the workplace.
(8Marks)
d) List any three application areas of computers in Education today. (3 Marks)
QUESTION FIVE
a) Describe ways in which emails and web privacy have been breached over the recent years.
(4 Marks)
b) State four characteristics of a strong password. (4Marks)
c) Today people rely on computers to create, store and manage critical information. It is also important
to protect our computers from breaches of security and security risk. Discuss any four types of security
measure that can be taken to ward off possible danger or damage. (4Marks)
d) Discuss 4 impacts of social websites like Facebook, Instagram and twitter in the society.
(4 Marks)
e) Describe any FOUR possible benefits of telecommunicating to an organization. (4 Marks)

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