Causes of legacy to fail in the Law of Succession

  1. Lapsing: a legacy lapses in circumstances in which the beneficiary predecease the donor.
  2. Ademption: a legacy deems if a particular subject matter bequeathed to a  particular beneficiary does not belong to the testator or does not exist.
  3. Abatement: a legacy abates if the testators estate cannot satisfy all legacies.
  4. Uncertainty: a legacy fails if there uncertainty as to the beneficiary or the subject matter of the legacy.
  5. Illegality: a legacy fails if the gift its subject matter is illegal by law.
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