BIT2209  RESEARCH SKILLS AND DESIGN.

UNIVERSITY EXAMINATIONS: 2018/2019
EXAMINATION FOR BACHELOR OF SCIENCE IN INFORMATION
TECHNOLOGY/ BUSINESS INFORMATION TECHNOLOGY/
APPLIED COMPUTING
BIT 2209: RESEARCH SKILLS AND DESIGN
FULLTIME/PARTIME/DISTANCE LEARNING
DATE: AUGUST, 2019 TIME: 2 HOURS
INSTRUCTIONS: Answer Question One and Any Other Two Questions

QUESTION ONE
(a) By use of relevant examples distinguish between the following pair of research terms
(8 Marks)
i) Case study and survey
ii) Null hypothesis and alternate hypothesis
(b) Briefly explain characteristics of a good research (4 Marks)
(c) Write short notes on the following sampling techniques. Use examples for illustrating
your answer in each case.
i) Systematic Sampling (4 Marks)
ii) Stratified Sampling (4 Marks)
(d)Define the term research design (2 Marks)
(e) Describe four types of reliability in the context of evaluating data collection instruments
(4 Marks)
(f) Describe four types of research approaches (4 Marks)
QUESTION TWO
(a) State and discuss the following sampling techniques (4 Marks)
i. Random sampling
ii. Stratified sampling
(b). Outline a typical Structure of a Research Proposal. (10 Marks)
(c) Explain the interplay between the following Research components
Problem statements
Proposed solution
Research objectives
(6 Marks)
QUESTION THREE
(a) Describe four types of validity in the context of evaluating data collection instruments
(4 Marks)
(b) Define ‘research question’ (1 mark)
(c) Describe three characteristics of a good research problem (3 Marks)
(d) State and explain four types of observation methods (4 Marks)
(e) Define the term ‘citation’ (2 Marks)
(f) Explain four types of focus group methods in the context of data collection (4 Marks)
(j) Describe the purpose of conducting research (2 Marks)
QUESTION FOUR
(a) Briefly describe the following terms as used in research skills and design. Give an
example for each case
(i) Reliability of research (2 Marks)
(ii) Ethical skepticism (2 Marks)
(iii) Ethics (2 Marks)
(b) State and explain three ethical concerns to research community. Use an example to
illustrate each case (6 Marks)
(c) Describe four reasons for Ethical Principles in research (4 Marks)
(d) State and explain four Ethical Principles for Guiding Research (4 Marks)
QUESTION FIVE
(a)Briefly explain the meaning of types of data and give one example for each data
(i) Qualitative data (2 Marks)
(ii) Quantitative data (2 Marks)
(iii) Primary data (2 Marks)
(b) Describe the meaning of the term ‘observation’ method as used in research skills and
design (2 Marks)
(c) Describe two advantages and two disadvantages of using interviews as a data collection
method (4 Marks)
(d) Explain four advantages of collecting primary data (4 Marks)
(e) Briefly explain four disadvantages of secondary data (4 Marks)

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