BIT2103  PRINCIPLES OF ARTIFICIAL INTELLIGENCE.

UNIVERSITY EXAMINATIONS: 2018/2019
EXAMINATION FOR BACHELOR OF SCIENCE IN INFORMATION
TECHNOLOGY/ BUSINESS INFORMATION TECHNOLOGY/ APPLIED
COMPUTING
BIT 2103: PRINCIPLES OF ARTIFICIAL INTELLIGENCE
FULLTIME/PARTIME/DISTANCE LEARNING
DATE: AUGUST, 2019 TIME: 2 HOURS
INSTRUCTIONS: Answer Question One and Any Other Two Questions

QUESTION ONE
a) Define in your own words the following terms; (5 Marks)
i. agent function
ii. agent program,
iii. autonomy,
iv. goal-based agent,
v. reflex agent
b) Briefly describe Eight (8) different types of human intelligences defined by Horward
Gardner. (8 Marks)
c) List five areas where Artificial Intelligence may be applied. (5 Marks)
d) Describe the Turing test of intelligence? (5 Marks)
e) Given the tree below, perform depth-first search for the goal node V. (5 Marks)


f) Define the meaning of the term “Artificial Intelligence”. (2 Marks)
QUESTION TWO
(a) Describe five fields of Artificial Intelligence (10 Marks)
(b).State and explain five elements of defining search problem. (5 Marks)
(c) A tourist is on holiday in USA; currently he is in London. He wants to take flight Tomorrow
to Liverpool though he don’t know the path to liverpool. Use the following map to define any
five elements of his search problem (5 Marks)


QUESTION THREE
a) Explain Machine learning (2 Marks)
b) State and explain four areas in which machine learning may be applied (8 Marks)
c) State and explain two Machine learning algorithms (4 Marks)
d) Describe two characteristics of informed search algorithms (2 Marks)
e) State and explain two informed search algorithms (4 Marks)
QUESTION FOUR
a) Briefly explain the meaning of the following concepts. Give one example of potential career
for each case
(i) Logical connectives (2 Marks)
(ii) Atomic proposition (2 Marks)
(iii) Knowledge representation techniques (2 Marks)
b) Express the following into a propositional logic (3 Marks)
i. Not all cars have four wheels
ii. Some men are footballers, but not all footballers are men
iii. Among spiders, only black widows and tarantulas are deadly
c) Consider the of the following propositions
Cat is mammal, mammal is an animal, cat has fur, and bear has fur
(i) Construct Semantic Network (4 Marks)
(ii) Convert the semantic network constructed in (i) into predicate logic (2 Marks)
d) Explain four limitations of expert systems in the context of artificial intelligence
(4 Marks)
e) Explain one advantage of using expert systems. (1 Mark)
QUESTION FIVE
a) What does it mean to say that a search algorithm is uninformed? What kinds of information
could be used for an informed algorithm? (10 Marks)
b) What is a limitation of the Propositional Logic for doing planning? How is this limitation
overcome? (5 Marks)
c) How does the Situation Calculus represent actions, the effects of actions, and the sideeffects of actions? (5 Marks)

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