BIT 2305  ICT PROJECT MANAGEMENT EXAMINATION KCA Past Paper

UNIVERSITY EXAMINATIONS: 2010/2011
SECOND YEAR STAGE EXAMINATION FOR THE DEGREE OF
BACHELOR OF SCIENCE IN INFORMATION TECHNOLOGY
BIT 2305: ICT PROJECT MANAGEMENT EXAMINATION
DATE: AUGUST 2011 TIME: 2 HOURS
INSTRUCTIONS: Answer question ONE and any other TWO questions

Question One
a) Define the following terms (4 Marks)
i. Project
ii. Project management.
b) Discuss four measures of a successful project. (4 Marks)
c) Suppose that you are a project manager, discuss five competencies that you should
possess. (5 Marks)
d) Describe the following terms stating why their importance (4 Marks)
i. Project plan
ii. Work Breakdown Structure
e) Discuss six resources needed in software development projects (6 Marks)
f) Assume you are a software project manager, the team working under your leadership is going slow,
getting behind schedule, delivering results late, and some how pushed to work. What do you think
could be the problem(s), the causes of that problem(s) and how can you solve that problem.
(7 Marks)
Questions Two
a) Using clearly labeled diagrams state and explain four inter-task dependencies.
(4 Marks)
b) Describe the following times
i. Earliest event time (2 Marks)
ii. Latest event time (2 Marks)
c) The table below shows project specification with estimated activity durations and precedence
requirements.

i. Draw an Activity-on-Node network (8 Marks)
ii. Show the critical path (2 Marks)
iii. Calculate the project completion date (2 Marks)
Question Three
The spreadsheet attached shows the cost- benefit analysis of the client-server systems. Study it and
answer the questions that follow.
a) Complete the blank spaces in the spreadsheet. (8 Marks)
b) Calculate the
i. Net present value for the client-server system (4 Marks)
ii. Return-on-Investments (4 Marks)
b) Using the graph paper provided show the break-even point (4 Marks)
Question Four
a) Differentiate between a risk and hazard. (2 Marks)
b) Risk management has two major components: Risk Analysis and Risk Management. Discuss the
activities that are involved in each component. (8 Marks)
c) State and explain four causes of failed projects. (4 Marks)
d) You are the project a software engineering team. You also charged with responsibility of selecting
the members who will work with you in the team. Discuss six staff selection factors that you would
consider during the exercise. (6 Marks)
Question Five
a) Briefly describe the project management activities in the order in which they must happen stating
the deliverable(s) out of each activity. (8 Marks)
b) Software cost estimation is an activity carried out at various stages during the software
development process. Discuss four specific points at which cost estimates are needed. `
(4 Marks)
c) Discuss four software cost estimation techniques available to the project manager stating when
each is applicable. (4 Marks)
c) Describe the following tools used in monitoring and controlling the progress of the project, stating
their specific purpose. (4 Marks)
i. Gantt chart
ii. Time line
iii. Ball charts
iv. Cumulative expenditure chart

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