USES OF THE COMPUTER (ROLE OF COMPUTER IN OUR SOCIETY)
a. Education and research; Computers are widely used in education as teaching aids and in research institutions. In aviation, computers are used to train pilots. Scientists use computers to analyze experimental data. Engineers and architects use computers to design, test and re-design.
b. Health Care; Medical records on patients are today stored and retrieved from computer for patient’s management purpose. Computers also today allow for access to otherwise inaccessible or prohibitively. Expensive foreign expertise or labour and make it possible for hospitals in one country to use consultants or even surgeons in another thereby reducing traveling for patients, businessmen and professionals.
c. Industry and Commerce; Almost every industry or service providers use computers in day- to-day operations. It’s known impossible to manage a large organization without the help of the computer. Apart from track of orders and bills, computers play a strategic role in business by defining new products and services, maintaining
Competitive edge and providing new opportunities for management control. Leading companies are using computing technologies as competitive tool to develop new products and services, forge new relationships with the suppliers and edge competitors.
d. Offices; in modern offices, computers are now routinely used for general office automation including text production, accounting services, client’s information, desk-top publishing, stock control, point-of-sale terminals.
e. Process Control; Computers are widely being used in the production environment to control chemical and mechanical processes. These are specialized applications and each computer system has to be constructed to do a specific job.
f. Communication industry; in the telecommunication industry, every telephone exchange today relies on computers to switch incoming and outgoing calls. Railway corporations rely on computers to co-ordinate the movement of their wagons and goods. In the air-line industry, computers are heavily used in air traffic control and surveillance of air space using radar equipment as well as for reservation purposes.
g. Police & Defense; Computers are nowadays used to fight crime. Police keeps database of fingerprints which are automatically analyzed by computers. In defense computers are used in electronic news gathering, efficient communication, detection and tracking of targets, radar systems, warning systems and military laser and guided missiles
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