Every organization has a human resource function, whether or not a specific human resource manager has been so designated. Every organization must hire, train, motivate, maintain and ultimately separate employees. If a specialized human resource manager exists he or she can contribute much to greater organizational effectiveness. In the past assignment to this function often constituted a one-way ticket to oblivion. But today, the increasingly critical nature of problems and challenges in the more effective utilization of human resources has greatly elevated the status of the field.
Most expert agree that there are five basic functions all managers perform: planning, organizing, staffing, leading and controlling. In the total these functions represent the management process.