The five categories of resource planning techniques

1. Resource Loading
2. Resource Aggregation
3. Resource Availability Analysis
4. Resource-Constrained Scheduling
5. Resource Leveling

1. Resource Loading
•Resource loading allows the planner to assign resources such as labor, equipment and materials to each activity in the project schedule.
•These units might be craftsmen, pieces of equipment or quantities of construction materials.
•Craftsmen or equipment the norm.

2. Resource Aggregation
•Resource aggregation totals each type of resource used in the schedule for each time unit between scheduled project start and finish.
•Look at the early and late start and finish dates.
•Remember your resource requirements for the critical path doesn‘t change only the float activities
•You like to see a bell curve on your resource aggregation always keeping in mind the early and late dates on the items with float.
•EX-Average daily manpower per week graph

3. Resource Availability Analysis
•Simply compares the amount of resources required to the maximum amount of resources that are available for use.
•In the real world can we get more resources.

4. Time-and-Resource Constrained Scheduling
•Time constrained or resource constrained.
•Time use an end date.
•Resources schedule the project on available resources.

5. Resource Leveling
•Attempts to keep the requirements for a construction resource as constant as possible over the duration of the project.
•Non-critical activities are shifted within the schedule using the available total float in order to level resource usage and the planned project completion date is unchanged as a result of the levelling process.
•This techniques are used when the project duration is fixed.
•Maximizing the effects of resource levelling requires performing both a backward and forward pass again through the network.
•The primary objective is to reduce the peaks and valleys without increasing the duration.
•Delaying those activities to the last available space.
•Use of algorithms and the software program for this class.

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