A standard is defined as a model or general agreement or a rule established by authority, consensus, or custom, created and used by various level of interest.

Standardization is the orderly and systematic formulation, adoption, application and review of industrial standard which lead to simplification or variety reduction. This implies reducing unnecessary varieties and standardizing to the most economical sizes, grades, shapes, colour or types of parts. The word “standard” is multivalued as it may means physical standard prototype of mass or a technical document. Industrial standard s is the generally accepted statement of the requirement.

Standardization eliminates the rule thumb method as the width of the thumb varies widely from one individual to another. Simplification is the process of reducing the variety of items. It reduces the number of types and sizes of item s to a minimum; consistent with the needs of an organization. Simplification in company operators is an essential process of standardization.

Standardization is the process of formulating and applying rules for a beneficial and orderly approach to specific activity. It is based on consolidated efforts of science, technology and experience, reflecting in:

  1.  units of measurement
  2. Terminology
  3. Products
  4. Process
  5. Safety of persons.

The term “standard,” or “technical standard” includes:
Common and repeated use of rules, conditions, guidelines or characteristics for products or related processes and production methods, and related management systems practices. The definition of terms; classification of components; delineation of procedures;
specification of dimensions, materials, performance, designs, or operations; measurement of quality and quantity in describing materials, processes, products, systems, services, or practices; test methods and sampling procedures; or descriptions of fit and measurements of size or strength.

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