Motivation is the process of causing a drive in the individual to give the best performance. It’s the psychological process that gives behavior, purpose and direction.
It’s a decision making process through which individuals chooses outcomes and sets in motion the behavior


  • To improve performance
  • To increase the workers morale
  • To enhance commitment
  • For change acceptance
  • Confidence provision and trust
  • Team building
  • communication


  • Recognition, workers be appreciated for any achievement realized
  • Involvement in decision making. this makes workers to own and defend the decisions taken
  • Recommend for promotion, when workers know that there are chances for promotion, they will remain loyal, committed and motivated
  • Challenging tasks, tasks that are challenging are those that reduces boredom and  By the end of the topic the you should be able;

1. Discuss the types of motivation that an organisation can choose to apply
2. What is the importance of motivation to an institution monotony. They include job enlargement

  • Delegation, it communicates trust and confidence in the skills possessed. It from the top to the bottom and it starts with communication
  • Good working environment, a conducive working conditions if provided enhances performance and love for work
  • Security. The need for economic security i.e the desire to be free for fear of such things like job loss, demotion and loss of income. Physical security may also be important
  • Status, naturally people want their status to be recognized. Status symbols include cars, big titles, corner offices, club membership, reserved parking places, carpeting etc
  • Responsibility and power. Many people want more responsibility and may be motivated by the prospect of getting it.
  • Opportunity for personal growth. This includes training and development opportunities
  • Communication. There should be open channels of communication for free flow of information vertically and horizontally
  • Teamwork. An organization is a system consisting of many parts which are interdependent. Managers should recognize all workers as being important in making contribution as members of the team. People are likely to work harder if they regard
    themselves as members of a team
  • Informal group.
  • Management styles. The styles that are used either motivates or demotivates and therefore the right styles be chosen.


If the workers of an organization are given chances for upward growth and advances, they will feel much satisfied and the feeling will cause in them the right commitment

They work on ones ego. The individual becomes satisfied. Praising should only apply to competent employees in order to encourage the incompetent employees

The knowledge of the results leads workers into satisfaction. Naturally workers will like to know about their performance from their managers

Their participation in the management assures them and builds trust and satisfaction is ultimately achieved. It is also a show that their voice is also heard and considered

It’s a non financial incentives which allows a healthy competition among the workers as individuals and as groups. The i8ncentive makes them to realize the goals as individuals and as groups

Its where the workers are appreciated for their good performance by for instance publishing their names in the company’s new letters and magazines. This boost the workers morale when they discover that names are been read by the new letter readers and ultimately boost their image and their personal commitment and performance

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