TUESDAY: 2 August 2022. Afternoon paper. Time Allowed: 3 hours.

Answer ALL questions. Marks allocated to each question are shown at the end of the question. Do NOT write anything on this paper.


1. Summarise six reasons why a country may establish a comprehensive national development planning model. (6 marks)

2. Explain four benefits of civic education in your country. (4 marks)

3. Cite six challenges facing parliament in its role of budget formulation, implementation and oversight. (6 marks)

4. In the context of administrative theory, distinguish between authority and power. (4 marks)

(Total: 20 marks)


1. With regard to The National Treasury and Planning, evaluate seven functions of the Government Investments and

Public Enterprises department or a similar body in your country. (7 marks)

2. Outline four national values and principles of governance in your country. (4 marks)

3. In the context of public policy making, suggest the criteria that may be used to identify public problems in your country. (4 marks)

4. Examine five key objectives that could have led to the introduction of performance contracting in the public
service. (5 marks)

(Total: 20 marks)


1. Assess five roles of County Assembly or a similar body in your country. (5 marks)

2. In administration of organisations, power is exercised through various ways.

Examine five various sources of power in organisations. (5 marks)

3. Examine six key principles of Public Finance as applied in the Public Sector. (6 marks)

4. Describe four roles of the executive committee in an urban area or in city planning. (4 marks)

(Total: 20 marks)


1. The Kenya government through a policy paper on public enterprise reform and privatisation developed a programme to privatise public enterprises in 1992. The programme led to the privatisation of some non-strategic

In reference to the above statement, explain how the privatisation programme is established in your country. (4 marks)

2. Describe the procedure for disposal of assets under the Public Procurement and Assets Disposal Act. (6 marks)

3. Discuss five roles of the secretary to County Public Service Board or a similar body in your country. (5 marks)

4. Identify five advantages of participatory budgeting process in the public sector. (5 marks)

(Total: 20 marks)


1. Discuss five steps involved in public policy formulation. (5 marks)

2. Assess five models of public private partnerships commonly applied in your own country. (5 marks)

3. Analyse five roles of stakeholders in public policy making process. (5 marks)

4. Highlight six tools of public policy analysis. (5 marks)

(Total: 20 marks)

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