TOPIC 8: PROJECT IMPLEMENTATION
Meaning of Project Implementation
Factors to be considered in Project Implementation
Project Implementation Process
MEANING OF PROJECT IMPLEMENTATION
Project implementation (or project execution) is the phase where visions and
plans become reality. This is the logical conclusion, after evaluating, deciding,
visioning, planning, applying for funds and finding the financial resources of
a project. Technical implementation is one part of executing a project.
The fundamentals of Project Implementation Tasks
FACTORS TO BE CONSIDERED IN PROJECT IMPLEMENTATION
1. Project mission-Initial clearly defined gods and general directions.
2. Top management Support-Willingness of top management to provide the
necessary resources and authority/power for project success.
3. Project Schedule/Plan-A detailed specification of the individual actions steps for.
4. Client Consultation-Communication, consultation, and active listening to all
5. Personnel-Recruitment, selection, and training of the necessary personnel for the
6.Technical Tasks-Availability of the required technology and expertise to
accomplish the specific technical action steps.
7. Client Acceptance-The act of “selling” the final project to its ultimate intended
8. Monitoring and Feedback-Timely provision of comprehensive control
information at each stage in the implementation process.
9. Communication-The provision of an appropriate network and necessary data to
all key actors in the project implementation.
A project is generally considered to be successfully implemented if it
Comes in on-schedule (time criterion).
Comes in on-budget (monetary criterion).
Achieves basically all the goals originally set for it (effectiveness criterion).
Is accepted and used by the clients for whom the project is intended (client
PROJECT IMPLEMENTATION PROCESS
Prepare the infrastructure. Many solutions are implemented into a production
environment that is separate and distinct from where the solution was developed and
tested. It is important that the characteristics of the production environment be
accounted for. This strategy includes a review of hardware, software, communications,
etc. In our example above, the potential desktop capacity problem would have been
revealed if we had done an evaluation of the production (or real-world) environment.
When you are ready for implementation, the production infrastructure needs to be in
Coordinate with the organizations involved in implementation. This may be as
simple as communicating to your client community. However, few solutions today can
be implemented without involving a number of organizations. Many of these groups
might actually have a role in getting the solution successfully deployed. Part of the
implementation work is to coordinate the work of any other groups that have a role to
Implement training/Capacity building. Many solutions require users to attend
training or more informal coaching sessions. This type of training could be completed
in advance, but the further out the training is held, the less information will be retained
when implementation rolls around. Training that takes place close to the time of
implementation should be made part of the actual implementation plan.
Implement the project. This is the piece everyone remembers. Your solution needs to
be moved from development to test. If the solution is brand new, this might be finished
in a leisurely and thoughtful manner over a period of time.
Monitor the Implementation. Usually the project team will spend some period of
time monitoring the implemented solution. If there are problems that come up
immediately after implementation, the project team should address and fix them