December 2021.                                                                                                             Time Allowed: 3 hours.

Answer ALL questions.  Marks allocated to each question are shown at the end of the question. Show ALL your workings.  Any assumptions made must be clearly and concisely stated.

RATES OF TAX (Including wife’s employment, self-employment and professional income rates of tax). Year of income 2020.

Assume that the following rates of tax applied throughout the year of income 2020:

Monthly taxable pay                                 Annual taxable pay                                Rate of tax

(Sh.)                                                              (Sh.)                                             % in each Sh.

1                        –       24,000                         1                        –     288,000                                 10%

24,001             –       40,667                         288,001           –     488,000                                 15%

40,668             –       57,334                         488,001           –     688,000                                 20%

Excess over     –       57,334                         Excess over     –     688,000                                 25%

Personal relief Sh.2,400 per month (Sh.28,800 per annum).


1.          The public Finance Management Act requires that, no later than 30 August in each year, the Cabinet Secretary shall issue to all National government entities a circular setting out guidelines on the budget process to be followed by them. With reference to the above provision, outline four contents of the circular.                                                                (4 marks)

2.          Discuss four responsibilities of the National Treasury in the administration of the consolidated Fund.                (8 marks)

3.          Explain four fiscal responsibility principles enforced by the National Treasury in Managing National Government Public Finance.                                                                                                                                                             (8 marks)

(Total: 20 marks)



Tom and Ken are partners sharing profits and losses in the ratio of 3:2 respectively. The partnership agreement provides for Ken to receive a salary of Ksh. 8 million per annum. Interest on capital allowed at the rate of 5% per annum.

Additional Information;

  1. On 1 November 2020, Jude was admitted to the partnership. The terms of her admission were as follows: Interest on capital was raised from 5% per annum to 6% per annum for all partners. Jude introduced Sh. 24 million in cash as capital into the partnership. Jude received a salary of Sh.12 million per annum. Ken’s salary was raised to Sh.12 million per annum. The profit-sharing ratio for Tom, Ken and Jude was adjusted to 4:2:1 respectively.
  2. The profit for the year ended 31 July 2021 was Sh.111,570,000
  3. As at 31 July 2021, the working capital of the partnership was as follows:


Inventory                                                                25,110

Accounts receivable                                                7,000

Cash                                                                        17,260

Accounts payable and accrual                             6,960

  1. Partners drawings for the year ended 31 July 2021 were as follows:


Tom                                                                           51,410

Ken                                                                            39,050

Jude                                                                           16,500

  1. The non-current assets are to be depreciated as follows:

Asset                                                      Rate per annum

Premises                                                5% on cost

Equipment                                            10% on cost


1.          Statement of profit or loss and appropriation account for the year ended 31 July 2021.                (10 marks)

2.          Partners current accounts.                (4 marks)

3.          Statement of financial position as at 31 July 2021.                (6 marks)

(Total: 20 marks)



The following balances were extracted from the books of Hesabu Ltd. as at 31 December 2020:

Additional Information

  1. Provisions as at 31 December 2020 are to be made as follows

Audit fees Sh.360,000

Outstanding debenture interest

  1. Included in the salaries and wages is Sh. 140,000 which relates to the month of January 2019.
  2. Allowances for doubtful debts are to be made at 10% of net trade receivables.
  3. Furniture and fittings are to be depreciated at 10% per annum on the net book values
  4. The directors have recommended that

Sh.700,000 be transferred to general reserves

Outstanding preference dividends and a 5 % ordinary dividend be paid for the whole year.


1.          Income statement for the year ended 31 December 2020.                (12 marks)

2.         Statement of financial position as at 31 December 2020.                (8 marks)

(Total: 20 marks)



1.          Explain the treatment of the following in taxation:

Tax losses.                                (2 marks)

Capital losses.                                (2 marks)

2.          Explain two distinguishing features between tax evasion and tax avoidance.                (4 marks)

3.          ABC Commenced a manufacturing operation on 1 May 2020 having incurred the following capital expenditure:


Factory buildings (Note 1)                                                                                     20,600

Processing machinery                                                                                               4,800

Factory parking bay                                                                                                 1,640

Sewerage system                                                                                                   560,000

Industrial effluent treatment plant                                                                        2,400


Additional Information:

  1. Factory building included the following:                             Sh.“000”

Cost of land                                                                                                4,400

Godown                                                                                                          800

Showroom                                                                                                      520

Offices                                                                                                            600

Retail shop                                                                                                     400

  1. On 1 July 2020, the following capital expenditures were incurred:

Photocopier                                                                                                      60

Computers                                                                                                     150

Motorbike                                                                                                         96

Saloon car                                                                                                   3,400

Fork lift                                                                                                           720

Furniture                                                                                                         240

Pick up                                                                                                            920

Scanners                                                                                                           56

Tractor                                                                                                         1,700

Carpets                                                                                                              36

  1. The company imported a weighting machine on 1 September 2020 at a cost of Sh.480,000 inclusive of duty of Sh.20,000. The duty was waived by the government.


Investment allowances due to the company for the year ended 31 December 2020.                            (12 marks)

(Total: 20 marks)


1.           Highlight two categories of goods liable under customs and excise duty Act.                (2 marks)

2.          Suggest four types of taxes used by a government in collecting tax revenue.                (4 marks)

3.          Explain two ways in which the Revenue Authority in your country might prevent loss of tax revenue from Imports (4 marks)

4.          Discuss five challenges faced by a tax authority of a developing economy.                 (10 marks)

(Total: 20 marks)

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