Principles and Practice of Management 2015 July Knec Past Paper

1. (a) Explain five measures that managers should take to ensure effective human resource planning in an organization. (10 marks)
(b) A good employee motivation system should possess certain characteristics. Outline five such characteristics. (10 marks)
2. (a) Explain five benefits that an organization may derive from the use of committees in decision making. (10 marks)
(b) Highlight five ways in which application of the scientific management principles may fall short of providing management solutions in an organization. (10 marks)
3. (a) The trait theory of leadership has stipulated certain traits that effective leaders should possess. Explain five such traits. (10 marks)
(b) Give five reasons that make it necessary for organizations to spend huge resources towards the motivation of their employees. (10 marks)
4. (a) Highlight six factors that should be considered when determining the span of control in an organization. (12 marks)
(b) Describe the steps that should be followed when executing the control process in an
organization. (8 marks)
5. (a) Many organizations train their employees on a regular basis. Give five reasons that may account for this practice. (10 marks)
(b) Outline five challenges in the economic environment that may affect a manager’s ability to effectively carry out his duties. (10 marks)
6. (a) Explain five benefits that an organization may derive from the use of Management by
Objectives as a style of management. (10 marks)
(b) Coordination plays certain roles in the management of an organization. Outline these roles. (10 marks)
7. (a) Explain five personal attributes that may influence the type of leadership style that a manager chooses to use in an organization. (10 marks)
(b) The budget is a popular a tool of control in many organizations. Give five reasons that may account for this popularity. (10 marks)

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