Biology Paper 1 (231/1)
1 (a) What is meant by the term wilting? (1 mark)
(b) Explain how an increase in temperature affects the rate of active transport.
2 The diagram below represents a cell as seen under an electron microscope.
(a) Based on the diagram, state whether it represents an animal cell or a plant cell.
(b) Give two reasons for your answer in 2(a) above. (2 marks)
(c) Why is the palisade layer a tissue? (1 mark)
(3)(a) State two external features found in the class Mammalia only. (2 marks)
(b) Name the taxonomic unit that comes immediately after a phylum in classiﬁcation. (1 mark)
(4)(a) State two roles of mucus in the stomach. ‘ (2 marks)
(b) Explain how age determines a person’s energy requirements. (2 marks)
(5)(a)Describe how turgor pressure builds up. (3 marks)
(6)Using a microscope, a student counted S5 cells a cross a ﬁeld of view whose diameter was 6000;4m.
Calculate the average length of the cells. Show your working. (2 marks)
(7) Explain how the following forces contribute to the movement of water up the xylem vessels: (2 marks)
(8) Construct a step in a dichotomous key using two leaves one with a serrated and the other with a smooth margin. (2 marks)
(9) State one way in which each of the following is structurally adapted to its function:
(a) neurone; (2 marks)
(b) mitochondrion. (2 marks)
(10) How are lenticels adapted for gaseous exchange? (2 marks)
(11)State the advantage of possessing blood group AB. (1 mark)
(12)(a) A student collected an organism and observed the following features: simple eyes.
(b)four pairs of legs and two body parts.
(13) State the class to which the organism belongs. (1 mark)
(14) Give an example of an organism in this class. (1 mark)
(15) Name the kingdom to which plasmodium belongs. (1 mark)
(16)State two characteristics of living organisms that are speciﬁc to plants. (2 marks)
(17)Name the three end products of anaerobic respiration in plants. (3 marks)
(18)State two reasons why accumulation of lactic acid leads to an increase in heart beat. (2 marks)
(19)Name three mechanisms that ensure cross pollination takes place in ﬂowering plants. (3 marks)
(20)Name the ﬂower part that produces gametes. (1 mark)
(21)(a)How is the human sperm cell structurally specialised? (2 marks)
(b)State three factors in seeds that cause dormancy. (3 marks)
(21)Explain the theory of evolution by natural selection. (2 marks)
(a) Explain the role of continental drift in evolution. (3 marks)
(b) What is meant by the term organic evolution? (1 mark)
(22)The diagram below illustrates a response by a certain plant.
(a)Name the type of response.
(b)Explain how the response illustrated above occurs.
23 The diagram below illustrates a defect in the eye.
(i)Explain how the defect illustrated above can be corrected.
24 Explain three protective functions of mammalian blood.
25 State one adaptation of xylem vessels to their function.
26 (a)What is meant by the term sex linked genes?
(b) Name two sex linked traits in human beings.
27(a) State two differences between complete and incomplete metamorphosis.
(b)State the importance of moulting to an insect
28(a) State two features of a ball and socket joint.
(b) Name the bone that allows the head to:
(i) nod; ………….. ..
(ii) turn side ways
29 State two functions of pelvic girdle in mammals.
30 State two ways in which osmosis is signiﬁcant to plants.