2019 Physics paper 2
SECTION A (25 marks)
Answer all the questions in this section in the splices provided.
1. Figure 1 shows two plane mirrors inclined at an angle of 120° to cach other.
A ray of light makes an angle or 40° with the first mirror.
By completing the ray diagram determine the angle of reflection on the second mirror. (2 marks)
2. State the reason why an increase in leaf divergence is the only sure way of determining whether an object is negatively charged using a negatively charged electroscope. (l mark)
3. State two properties of magnetic field lines around a bar magnet. (2 marks)
4. Figure 2 shows an incomplete circuit for an electromagnet.
(a) Complete the diagram to show how a battery should be connected at A so that the polarities at P and Q are South and North respectively. (1 mark)
(b) State two ways in which the strength of the electromagnet in (a) can be increased. (2 marks)
5. In a siren, sound is produced when a jet of air is directed perpendicular to a ring of holes on a rotating wheel.
Explain the effect on the pitch of sound produced when the speed of rotation of the wheel is increased. (2 marks)
6. State the reason why the current produced by a simple cell falls rapidly when the cell is being used. (1 mark)
7. Figure 3 shows a cell connected in series with an ammeter, a 2 resistor and a switch.
A volumeter is connected across the cell
With the switch open, the voltmeter reads 1.5 V. Given that the internal resistance of the cell is 0.5 II, determine the ammeter reading when the switch is closed. (3 marks)
8. State two uses of gamma rays in medicine. (2 marks)
9. Figure 4 shows the input and output signals on a CRO screen when two diodes are used during a full wave rectification.
Explain how the two diodes rectify the input signal. (3 marks)
10. State how the intensity of X-rays in an X-ray tube can be increased. (3 marks)
11. Figure 5 shows part of the lighting circuit in a house.
State two errors in the wiring circuit. (2 marks)
12. Uranium decays as shown below.
Name the particle X that is emitted during this decay. (1 mark)
13. State the disadvantage of rising a convex mirror as a driving mirror. (1 mark)
14. Figure 6 shows radiation from thc sun passing through glass in a grecnhouse onto the floor. The floor then emits radiation.
State the name of the radiation emitted by the floor. (1 mark)
SECTION b (55 marks)
Answwr all the questions in this section
15. (a) On the axes provided, sketch a graph of Capacitance against the area of overlap of the plates of a parallel -plate capacitor.(1 mark)
(b) (i) Draw a circuit diagram that may be used to investigate the discharging proccss of a capacitor. (2 marks)
(ii) On the axes provided sketch the graph of potential difference between the plates against time for the discharging process. (1 mark)
(c) Figure 7 shows the capacitors connected to a 6V battery.
(i) effective capacitance (3 marks)
(ii) total charge stored (2 marks)
(iii) potential difference across the 4uF capacitor (2 marks)
16. (o) Define the following terms as used in waves (i) Amplitude (1 mark)
(ii) Waves length (1 mark)
(b) Figure 8 shows water waves approaching a straight reflector at a speed of 40cm’.
(i) Draw on the diagram the reflected waves. (2 marks)
(ii) Given that the distance benveen the source and the reflector is 15 cm determine: (i). The wavelength of the waves (2 marks)
(ii). The frequency of the waves (2 marks)
(c) Figure 9 sows light rays from two coherent sources S1 and S2 falling on a screen.
Dark and brighi fringe s are observed between A and B.
(i) State how:
I. bright fringes are formed (1 mark)
II. dark fringes are formed (1 mark)
(ii) State what is observed when light of a higher frequency is used. (1 mark)
17. (a) Figure 10 shows a ray of light travelling from glass to air.
(i) Critical angle of the glass — air interface ( 1 mark)
(ii) Refractive index of glass (1 mark)
(b) A piece of metal is embedded at the centre of an ice block 15 cm from the surface of the ice.
Given that the refractive index of ice is 1.32, determine how far from the surface of the ice block the metal appears to be. (3 marks)
Complete the ray diagram to show the path of the rays after passing through the lens. (2 marks)
(d) (i) State two differences between the human eye and a camera lens. (2 marks)
(ii) State the name of the part of the eye that enable the lens to focus images of objects at different distances. (I mark)
18. (a) Describe how a magnet can be demagnetised using the electrical method. (2 marks)
(b) You are provided with two iron bars P and Q .One of the bars is magnetised while the other is not.
Explain how the magnetised bar can be identified without using a magnet or magnetic material. (2 marks)
(c) Figure 12 shows two identical copper coils X and Y placed close to each other.
Coil X is connected to a DC power supply while coil Y is connected to a galvanometer.
(i) Explain what is observed on the galvanometer when the switch is closed. (4 marks)
(ii) State what is observed on the galvanometer when the switch is opened. (1 mark)
(iii) State what Would be observed if the number of turns in coil Y is doubled. (1 mark)
l9. (a) Define half life as used in radioactivity. (1 mark)
(b) Figure 13 Shows a device used to detect radioactivity by forming tracks when air is ionised.
(i) State the name of the device shown. (1 mark)
(ii) State how air in the device gets ionised. (1 mark) (c) (i) State two Factors that determine the speed of the photoelectrons emitted from a metal surface. (2 marks)
The energy of a photon of light is 2.21 eV .(electronic charge is 1.6 x 10-19C and planks constant h is 6.63 x 10-34Js).
I. Express this energy in joules. (l mark)
II. Determine the frequency of the light that produces the photon. (2 marks)