KCSE Past Papers 2019 History and Government Paper 2 (311/2

History and Government paper 2

SECTION A (25 marks)

Answer all questions in this section

1. Give the meaning of the term “Stone Age period”.(1 mark)

2. Identify one method of irrigation which was used in ancient Egypt.(1 mark)

3. Name the centre where freed slaves were settled by the missionaries in Tanzania. (1 mark)

4. Identify the main item of trade from West Africa during the Trans Saharan trade. (1 mark)

5. Outline two characteristics of Macadam roads.(2 mark)

6. Give the early form of writing in Mesopotamia.(1 mark)

7. State two disadvantages of using electricity as a source of energy.(2 mark)

8. Outline two functions of the ancient town of Kilwa.(2 mark)

9. Give one symbol of unity among the Shona during the pre-colonial period.(1 mark)

10. Identify the main method which was used by the European powers to suppress resisting African communities. (1 mark)

11. Name the British administrator who introduced indirect rule in Northern Nigeria. (1 mark)

12. State two political factors which undermined the struggle for majority rule by the nationalists in South Africa. (2 marks)

13. Highlight two ways in Which the cold war was fought.(2 mark)

14. Identify two permanent members of the United Nations Security Council.(2 mark)

15. Give two common services that the East African Community provided to its members between 1967 and 1977 (2 mark)

16. Name the two political parties in Tanzania which merged to form Chama Cha Mapinduzi(CCM). (2 marks)

i7. Give one Chamber of the Congress in the United States of America. (1 mark)

SECTION B (45 marks)

Answer any three questions

I8. (a) State five effects of early agriculture in Mesopotamia.(5 mark)

(b) Explain five solutions to food shortage in the African countries.(10 mark)

19. (a) Outline three disadvantages of using barter system of trade.(3 mark)

(b) Discuss six factors for the decline of Trans-Atlantic trade.(12 mark)

20. (a) Identify three effects of scientific inventions on medicine. (5 marks)

(b) Explain six challenges which South Africa has faced in the process of industrialisation. (12 marks)

21. (a) State three terms of the Berlin conference.(3 mark)

(b) Describe six reasons for the defeat of Samori Toure by the French.(12 mark)

SECTION C (30 marks)

‘ 22. (a) Identify the three countries that formed Triple Alliance before the outbreak of the First World War. (3 marks)

(b) Explain why the Allied powers were able to defeat the Central powers during the First World War.(12 mark)

23. (a) State five objectives of the African Union. (5 mark)

(b) Explain five challenges facing the East African Community (EAC), 2001. (10 marks)

24. (a) Identify five ways through which the supremacy of parliament may be limited in Britain. (5 marks)

(b) Discuss five functions of the Federal Government in the United States of America. (10 marks)

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