KCSE Past Papers 2016 English Paper 2 (101/2)

Marking scheme(101/2)

Comprehension Questions and Answers

(a) What does the author mean when he says “most of us think most of our kids are overindulged, materialistic brats”. (2 marks)

❖ Most parents believe that their children are provided with all they need plus more making them became spoilt pampered brats

(b) According to the author, what is the effect of mild punishment? (2 marks)

❖ Mild punishment does not leave a child scared for life either physically or emotionally and it is helpful

(c) What is the controversy in the passage? (3 marks)

❖ The controversy is whether it is beneficial to administer corporal punishment on their children

(d) What are the two major findings of Dr. Diana Baumrind’s study? (2 marks)

❖ Corporal punishment has actually been used by most families on their children in various forms. There is no physical harm caused by mild spanking

(e) What is the author’s personal view about corporal punishment?(4 marks)

❖ The author’s personal view about corporal punishment supports mild corporal punishment.

– Not supporting severe punishment – Punishment must be administered with love and humour.

– Corporal punishment is not a guarantee to stop child misbehavior

(f) Identify two other words that the author uses in the passage to mean mild corporal punishment? (2 marks)

❖ Spanking.

❖ Swats/ Swatting.

(g) Use two illustrations from the passage to explain the author’s use of informal language. (3 marks)

❖ Kids/brats,

❖ Folks.

❖ Swatted on the butt.

– The general public finds informal language appealing.

(h) Explain the meaning of each of the following words as used in the passage.

(i) Materialistic (1 mark)

❖ More interested in what money can provide / buy in their life.

(ii) Panacea (1 mark)

❖ Cure/ Remedy / measure to correct wrong doings /solution.

Literacy Appreciation

(a)What reasons had the old man given that had prompted the need for Chief Owour Kembo to urgently seek a wife? (3 marks)

❖Chief Kembo K’ Agina dies young Owuor Kembo is now the chief. It is unthinkable that the chief should be unmarried,

(b) “It is customary, because of the good dak between us for you to marry our daughters and we yours.” Identify two other customary practices on marriage in this community that are revealed in this excerpt. (2 marks)

❖ Wat – A way of preventing blood relatives marrying each other. Brother from marrying a sister.

❖ Chik – Education of young maiden’s requirements of marriage. Payment of bride price.

(c) Explain the character traits of Chief Owuor Kembo and Moo that emerge in this excerpt. (4 marks)


  • Owuor Kembo❖ Observant/ sensitive/ alert/ keen/ attentive

    ❖ Follows every bit of conversation and the marriage negotiations.

    ❖ Notices that there is a negative reaction.

    ❖ Wise/respectful/ tactful – Allows his uncle to speak.

    ❖ Decisive – Knows when his uncle’s turn to speak . – Signals his uncle to speak.


  • Aloo❖ Articulate/ captivating/ eloquent – Leads a discussion /clearly/ decisively able to create suspense.

    ❖ Tactful/ respectful/ hospitable/wise and proud – enjoys every bit of conversation. Skilful/ crafty/ ingenious/cunning – The way he presented his case.

    (d) What was the response of Chief Owuor Kembo’s party on the bride price requested for by Aloo? (2 marks)

    ❖ Bride price should be paid in full come that day on a specified date, the cattle would be driven to the in-law’s homestead/ compound for marriage to take place

    (e) In what circumstances was the thirty head of cattle referred to unfavourably later in the story when Akoko was married to Chief Owuor Kembo? (2 marks)

    ❖ When Akoko is blamed of slow birth-rate and is accused of standing in the way of the chief marrying another wife.

    (f)”I should ask father to give me a piece of land to settle on because at this rate I shall never leave his house.” (i) Why did Akoko say these words? (2 marks)

    ❖ Akoko said these words because it looked like when the negotiations were going out their suit had been rejected like others before.

    ❖ Many suitors had been dismissed before and when she saw them walk out she thought that they too had been dismissed.

    (ii)What do Akoko’s words reveal about Chief Odero’s character? (2 marks)

    ❖ The Chief was possessive of his daughters and concerned about their future well-being.

    He is choosy, adamant/ loving/ proud and demanding .

    (g) “Since the contract of marriage is a matter of great import, we wish to beg leave to consult with each other outside before we return our verdict.”

    (i) What is your view on the success of Akoko and Chief Kembo’s marriage? (2 marks)

    ❖ Their success is hinged on commitment of each to marriage and the chief not listening to the voice of relatives about the slow birth rate of his wife.

    ❖ Hardworking and loving

    (ii) Identify and comment on one marriage you consider successful in The River and the Source. (2 marks)

    ❖ The marriage of Aoro and Wandia inspite of demands by their careers as doctors they are committed deeply to each other and to raising a good family. Mark Sigho and Elizabeth

    (h)”Feel free to do so,” Moo said magnanimously. Rewrite in indirect speech. (1 mark)

    ❖ Aloo said magnanimously that they should feel free to do so.

    (i) Explain the meaning of the following words as used in the excerpt. (i) errands (1 mark )

    ❖ Short missions/journeys to deliver something

    (ii) apt (1 mark)

    ❖ Ready to learn/ quick/ has an attitude to learn

    (iii) import(1 mark)

    ❖ Importance now and in the future/ of great value/ significance


    (a) Explain the meaning of the poem. (4 marks)

    ❖ Literal meaning: The traveler comes to a cross road and has to determine between the two ways which one to take in order to continue with his journey. After much mental debate, the traveler picks the road “less travelled” .

    ❖ Symbolic meaning: Our choices determine how our lives will be in the days to come/future.

    The persona makes a rare choice (uncommon choice which will determine his destiny).

    (b) Explain the meaning of the line ‘Yet knowing how way leads on to way.’ (2 marks)

    ❖ Our chice will lead to new things and other opportunities

    ❖ One road will always lead to another. The choices we make lead to other openings/ opportunities.

    (c) Identify and explain the use of symbolism in the poem. (3 marks)

    ❖ Symbols: forked road – process of making choices in life obstacles/challenges/pitfalls

    ❖ grassy- The road is not well used and needed someone to walk on it.

    It is more challenging or difficult option to take .

    It is less popular and people avoided it.

    ❖ Undergrowth – Challenges / hardship in life

    (d) What does the poet means when he says that ‘I took the one less travelled by’? (3 marks)

    ❖ He took the road that looked less used. A rare / unusual option

    (e) What does the poem reveal about the character of the persona? (3 marks)

    Characteristics of the persona:

    ❖ Adventurous – explores unknown territory

    ❖ Daring/ courageous – challenges the unknown

    ❖ Cautious – weighs his option

    ❖ Decisive – makes uncommon choices

    (f) What is the tone of the poem? (3 marks)

    ❖ The tone is solemn (negative)/ soul-searching/ regretful/ remorseful -makes a bad choice and regrets.

    ❖ The tone is contentment/ relief/ contented/ optimism – made the choice he doesn’t regret/ a way leads to another way

    (g) Explain the meaning of the following words as used in the poem. (i) diverged (1 mark)

    ❖ Divided/forked/ separated/ parted/ branched/split

    (ii) sigh (1 mark)

    ❖ relief/ sign of good/ bad ending/ satisfaction/ contentment/ regret/


    4. (a) Rewrite each of the sentences below to make it communicate more sensibly. (3 marks)

    (i) Powerful and comfortable the buyer really liked the car. (The buyer really liked the powerful and comfortable car.

    ❖ Powerful and comfortable, the car was really liked by the buyer.

    ❖ The buyer really liked the car:/ powerful and comfortable.

    ❖ The buyer really liked the car because/since/for/as it was powerful and comfortable.

    This required candidates to apply grammatical knowledge to rewrite the given sentences to remove ambiguity occasioned by misplacement of related segments.

    (ii) They left the field full of sweat. (b i)

    ❖ Full of sweat, they left the field/sweaty/sweating

    ❖ When they left the field, they were (all) sweating/sweaty/full of sweat/ sweaty/ sweating.

    (iii) Mukasa loves growing vegetables.

    ❖ Vegetables are what Mukasa loves growing on his farm.

    (b) Insert the correct punctuation marks in the sentences given. (4 marks)

    (i) Whose responsibility is it to see whether this machine is working

    ❖ Whose responsibility is it to see whether this machine working?

    (ii) My one big question however is what you do with your free time

    ❖ My big question, however, is what you do with your free time,

    (iii) Amazing That was the best party I have attended in years.

    ❖ Amazing! That was the best party I have attended in year

    (iii)Please tell me the way to the police station

    ❖ Please, tell me the way to the police station.

    (c) Complete each of the following sentences using the correct phrasal verb formed from the word given in brackets. (4 marks)

    (i) Kimeto of the marathon race due to fatigue, (pull)

    ❖ pulled out

    (ii) The local council fire brigade the fire after many hours, (put)

    ❖ put out

    (iii) It is clear from her looks that Claire her mother, (take)

    ❖ takes after

    (iv) The youth should to adults for guidance, (look)

    ❖ look up

    (d) Rewrite the following sentences according to the instructions after each. (4 marks) (i)It was tough but we eventually made it up the mountain. (Begin: Tough )

    ❖ Tough as it was, we eventually made it up the mountain.

    Rashidi said that he had not insulted me. (Use denied )

    ❖ Rashidi denied having insulted me / Rashid denied that he had insulted me.

    (iii) She is busy renovating her house so that she may rent it out. (rewrite using: with a view)

    ❖ She is busy renovating her house with a view to renting it out.

    (iv) Mshamba will not at any cost support your cause. (Begin: At)

    ❖ At no cost will Mshamba support your case.

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