KCSE Past Papers 2016 CRE Paper 2 (313/2)

KCSE Past Papers 2016 CRE Paper 2

Christian Religious Education Paper 2

1.(a) Narrate the visit of the Angel to the shepherds on the night Jesus was born. (7 marks)

❖ The shepherds were looking after their flocks in the field at night

❖ The angel appeared to them

❖ The glory of the lord shone around them

❖ They were filled with fear

❖ The angel reassured them/ told them not to fear

❖ He told them of the Good News of the birth of Jesus

❖ They were told where to find baby Jesus

❖ The angel gave them a sign on how they would find Jesus

❖ There appeared a host of angels singing/ praising God

❖ The angel left them/ went back to heaven

❖ The shepherds went to Bethlehem/ found baby Jesus

(b)Outline the differences between the work of John the Baptist and that of Jesus Christ.(8 marks)

❖ John the Baptist preached mainly in the wilderness/ the desert of Judah, while Jesus preached in the synagogues/ homes cities/ towns/ temple

❖ John the Baptist called people to repentance, while Jesus forgave/ died for their sins

❖ John the Baptist was Baptist with water, but Jesus was baptized with the Holy spirit/ fire

❖ John the Baptist lived the life of a Nazarite, while Jesus mixed freely with all people

❖ The emphasis of John the Baptist preaching was in the promised Messiah, while that of Jesus was about the kingdom of God

❖ John the Baptist’s message was direct whereas Jesus preached in parables

❖ While John the Baptist disciples fasted, the disciples of Jesus ate and drank

❖ John the Baptist did not perform miracles, but Jesus ministry was full of signs/ wonders

❖ John the Baptist was the fore runner / prepared the way while Jesus fulfilled/ was the messiah

(c) What five lessons do Christians learn about family relationships from the occasion when Jesus accompanied His parents for the Passover festival? (5 marks)

❖ Christians should obey their parents

❖ Parents should teach their children about God

❖ Parents should provide opportunities for their children to mix with others

❖ Parents should love/ be concerned about their children

❖ Family ties should not be broken/ families should live in unity

❖ God’s work takes priority over the family

Parents should recognize their children’s talents/ abilities

❖ There should be open communication among family members

1.(a) Narrate Jesus’ baptism by John the Baptist in the river Jordan in Luke 3: 21-22.(5 marks)

❖ All the people had been baptised by John.

❖ Jesus was also baptized.

❖ Jesus then started praying.

❖ The heavens opened.

❖ The Holy Spirit descended upon Jesus in a bodily form as a dove.

❖ Then a voice came from heaven.

❖ Then it said, ‘thou art my beloved son with thee am well pleased.

(b)Identify tour teachings by John the Baptist. (8 marks)

❖ He told the people to repent and be baptised for forgiveness of their sins/ he asked people to prepare the way for the Lord.

❖ He told them to be faithful/ obedient to God and not to pride in Abraham as their ancestor.

❖ He warned them of God’s punishment on sin.

❖ He encouraged the rich to share with the needy.

❖ He told the tax collectors not to steal/be honest.

❖ He told the soldiers to be contented with their wages/ stop greed.

❖ He told the soldiers to stop robbing/ accusing people falsely/ should be truthful.

❖ He told them that the messiah who was to come after him was mightier/ He was unworthy to untie his sandals.

❖ The Messiah would baptize the people with fire and the Holy Spirit.

❖ The Messiah would separate the good from the evil/ the evil would be punished.

❖ He condemned Herod for his adulterous life/ marrying his brother’s wife.

(c) Give reasons why Christians find it difficult to apply the teachings of John the Baptist in their lives. (7 marks)

❖ They lack faith in God’s word.

❖ Divisions along tribal/ racial/ denominational lines affect unity among Christians.

❖ Clinging to the past/ inability to abandon the old/ previous life style.

❖ Negative attitude by the rich towards the needy/ poor.

❖ The influence of the mass media/ moral decadence in society.

❖ Some Christians lack what to share with others/ poverty.

❖ There is rampant corruption in the society.

❖ The emergence of cult leaders/ false prophets in the society/ lack of role models.

❖ Some Christians lead hypocritical lives.

❖ Peer pressure.

3.(a) Explain the healing of the ten Lepers. (7 marks)

❖ Jesus was on his way to Jerusalem

❖ He met ten lepers/ men who were suffering from leprosy.

❖ The men stood at a distance/ shouted at Jesus to have mercy on them.

❖ Jesus told them to go and show themselves to the priest.

❖ As they went, they were healed/ cleansed.

❖ One of them, a Samaritan came back praising God/ thanked Jesus

❖ Jesus asked where the other nine were.

❖ Jesus wondered at the fact that only a foreigner returned to give praise to God.

❖ Jesus asked him to rise/ go his way for his faith had made him well.

(b)Discuss Jesus’ teaching on the power of faith. (8 mks)

❖ Faith gives believers strength to overcome temptations/ sin.

❖ It enables them to forgive each other constantly

❖ It makes even the weakest strong.

❖ Enables believers to perform their duties without expecting material rewards.

❖ Faith enables believers to work tirelessly because there is a lot of work to be done.

❖ Faith leads to physical healing.

❖ Faith enables believers to show gratitude to God for his blessings/ benefits they have received from Him. ❖ It enables them to experience the kingdom of God in their hearts.

❖ It enables

believers to enter the kingdom of God/ receive eternal life.

(c)What five lessons can Christians learn from the parable of the ten pounds?(3 marks)

❖ Christians should use the abilities that God has given them for the benefit of others.

❖ Christians will be rewarded according to their performance.

❖ Christians have been given different gifts/ abilities by God.

❖ Christians will give an account of how they used their abilities.

❖ Christians need to be obedient/ honest.

❖ God expects Christians to use opportunities provided for His glory.

❖ Christians will lose their abilities if not put to use/ punished.

4.(a)Describe how the unity of believers is expressed in the body of Christ. (8 marks)


❖ St. Paul describes the believers as the body of Christ

❖ Christ is the head of the church

❖ The believers form parts of the body.

❖ The body has different organs. In the same way the Church has different members

❖ They all need to work together for the well being of the church.

❖ Every part of the body is needed to make it whole / all parts are interdependent/ one part cannot be without the other.

❖ The different church members are given different spiritual gifts by the Holy Spirit to carry out God’s work.

❖ Believers are united through baptism in the Holy Spirit.

(b)Give six reasons why the use of the gifts of the Holy Spirit brought disunity in the church at Corinth. (6 marks)

❖ The people who had the gifts of speaking in tongues despised those who did not

❖ There was competition in speaking in tongues

❖ There was no interpretation of tongues hence messages were not understood

❖ People did not show love to one another as they used the gifts of the Holy

❖ There was disorder/ confusion in worship as people with different gifts tried to outdo one another

❖ People did not use their gifts for the growth/ development of the church

❖ Gifts such as prophecy/ teaching/ preaching were looked down upon

(c) State ways in which Christians in Kenya demonstrate the New Testament teaching on unity. (6 marks)

❖ Christians meet for prayers/fellowship together.

❖ They observe a day of worship to honour God.

❖ They share the Holy communion/ meals.

❖ They help those who are poor/needy

❖ They solve problems affecting the Church members

❖ They hold joint crusades/ rallies

❖ They also cooperate by providing Christian programmes in the mass media/ resource materials.

❖ They speak in one voice to condemn evil in society

5.(a)Discuss four causes of unemployment in Kenya today.(8 marks)

❖ High population whereby there are too many people for the available job opportunities.

❖ Lack of money to start individual businesses/ unavailability offinances.

❖ Some people lack skills which make them not to be absorbed in the job market.

❖ Rural-urban migration:- many people are congested in towns where job opportunities are limited.

❖ Foreign aid:- dependence on foreign aid causes the donors to give conditions of employment, that is lean service.

❖ Selfishness/ greed:- some Kenyans have more than two jobs, while others lack.

❖ Education system:- many Kenyans prefer white collar jobs after school and because of stiff competition for available spaces, many remain unemployed.

❖ Negative attitude towards work:- some Kenyans lack the initiative to do or participate in economic activities/just idle around.

❖ Unequal distribution of wealth: Some regions have more resources that create employment than others.

❖ New technological advances that has led to retrenchment.

❖ Bribery/ corruption is a social evil that denies jobs to those qualified

(b) Outline eight causes of disagreements between the employer and employees in Kenya today (8 marks)

❖ Lack of respect to the employer by employees.

❖ Employees not given time for leisure/ leave.


❖ Poor working conditions/ environment/ Poor/ low remuneration.

❖ When the employees do not receive wages/ not paid in time.

❖ When employers fail to consider the welfare of employees/ allowances.

❖ When employees fail to accomplish tasks within the expected time/ poor time management.

❖ When employees are not allowed to join trade unions.

❖ Unequal chances of promotion/ discrimination by the employer/ lack of promotion.

❖ Sexual harassment by the employer.

❖ Differences in religious affiliation between employer and employees.

❖ Racial/ tribal/ ethnic differences may bring conflict.

❖ Misuse/ destruction of property by the employee.

❖ Divulging of secrets of the employer/ organization.

5.(c)Identify four roles a Christian should play during a strike. (4 marks)

❖ Not to take part in strikes.

❖ Encourage other people to find better means of solving problems.

❖ To inform the authority of any grievances if they are not aware/ mediate.

❖ To pray for a solution to the problem/ seek God’s guidance for a solution to the problem.

❖ Should not take part in violent demonstrations/ encourage peaceful demonstrations.

❖ To report the matter to the nearest police station.

❖ Disciplining deviant members of the church

❖ Participating in government programmes established to fight crime ( e.g. community policing)

❖ Obeying the laws of the country/ being role models

❖ Praying for peace/ harmony

❖ Teaching responsible parenthood

❖ Providing basic needs for the needy

❖ Condemning evil practices in the society/ teaching against crime.

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