KCSE Past Papers 2014 CRE Paper 2 (313/2)

4.10.2 Christian Religious Education Paper 2 (313/2)

l. (a) Isaiah’s prophecies concerning the Messiah

(i) The Messiah would be born of a virgin / young Woman

(ii) He would be called Emmanuel

(iii) He would be a wonderful counselor/mighty God/everlasting Father/prince of peace

(iv) The Messiah would have an everlasting kingdom

(v) He would be a ruler from the house of David

(vi) He would rule With justice/righteousness/peace

(vii) He would be humble/simple/ordinary/Without beauty

(viii) The Messiah would be rejected/despised/sentenced to die

(ix) He would suffer for the forgiveness of the sins of many people

(X) It would be the will of his father for him to suffer

(xii) He would succeed in his work/be highly honored

(xiii) He would be filled with God’s spirit/anointed

(xiv) He would preach good news/set the captives free.

(8 x 1 = 8 marks)

(b) The events that took place on the night Jesus was born (Luke 2:6-20)

(i) When Jesus was born his mother Wrapped him in swaddling cloths

(ii) She placed him in a manger

(iii) An angel appeared to the shepherds in the region to tell them of the birth of the savior

(iv) A great company of heavenly hosts/angels appeared singing praises to God

(v) The shepherds decided to go to Bethlehem/hurried off to Bethlehem

(vi) The shepherds saw the baby

(vii) They spread the news about the baby to other people.

(viii) The shepherds returned praising/ glorifying God.

(ix) There were shepherds watching over their flock by night.

(X) The angel gave a sign on how to identify the baby.

(6 x 1 = 6 marks)

(c) Reasons Why Christians present gifts to newly born babies

(i) Christian give gifts in order to Welcome the baby into the family/world

(ii) It is a sign of their love/contribution to the baby’s welfare

(iii) It is a Way of appreciating the gift of life/blessing

(iv) It is a Way of thanking God/appreciating his goodness

(v) It is a form of congratulating the mother/parents

(vi) It is an expression of their joy.

(vii) It is a Way of emulating Biblical practices.

(3 x 2 = 6 marks)

2. (a) What Christians learn about Jesus from the incident when he was baptized.

(i) Jesus is prayerful

(ii) Jesus is obedient/loyal to God

(iii) Jesus has a human nature

(iv) Jesus is humble

(v) Jesus is the son of God/divine

(vi) He is loved by God/pleases God

(vii) Jesus was filled with the Holy Spirit

(6 x 1 = 6 marks)

(b) The temptation of Jesus in the Wilderness (Lk 4:1-13)

(i) Jesus ate nothing for forty days/was hungry

(ii) The devil told Jesus to command a stone to turn into bread if he is the son of God

(iii) Jesus responded that human beings do not live on bread alone

(iv) Then the devil led Jesus to a high place/showed him all the kingdoms of the world

(v) The devil told Jesus that he would give him all worldly authority/ glory if he worshiped him

(vi) Jesus responded by saying that only the Lord God should be worshiped/served

(vii) The devil took Jesus to the highest point of the temple in Jerusalem

(viii) The devil told Jesus to throw himself down from there

(ix) Jesus responded by saying that God should not be tempted/put to test

(x) After baptism, Jesus was led by the Holy spirit into the wilderness.

(7 x 1 = 7 marks)

(c) Lessons Christian learn from the temptation of Jesus

(i) Christian should know that their faith can be tested/temptations are a must

(ii) Christian should know the word of God/use it to fight the doubts brought by the devil

(iii) Christian need the guidance of the Holy Spirit/ prayer to overcome temptations in their lives

(v) Christians should put God first/worship the Lord God only

(iv) They should stand firm/not give in to temptations/be ready to overcome temptations.

(v) Overcoming temptation strengthens one‘s faith in God/not temptation beyond their limit.

(vi) Christians should not use their God given power for their own material gain

(vii) Christians should not put God to test/should lead a responsible life.

(viii) Christians should be content with what they have.

(7 x 1 = 7 marks)

3. (a) The triumphant entry of Jesus into Jerusalem

(i) When Jesus came to Mt. Olives, he sent two of his disciples ahead to get a colt which had not been used before

(ii) The disciples found the colt/untied it/brought it to Jesus

(iii) The owners of the colt sought to know where it was being taken

(iv) The disciples told them that the Lord needed it

(v) The disciples brought the colt to Jesus/put their garments on its back/set Jesus on it

(vi) As Jesus went along on the colt, people spread their garments on the road where he passed

(vii) The whole crowd of disciples praised/ glorified God joyfully in loud voices for all the mighty works they had seen.

(viii) The pharisees in the crowd asked Jesus to rebuke/silence the disciples

(ix) Jesus answered them that if the disciples kept quiet, the stones would cry out.

(6 x 1 = 6 marks)

(b) The events that took place from the time Jesus was arrested up to the time he was sentenced to die

(i) Jesus was taken to the house of the high priest

(ii) Peter denied Jesus three times

(iii) Jesus was mocked/beaten/blindfolded

(iv) Jesus was taken to the sanhedrin/they made religious accusations against him

(v) Jesus was taken to Pilate/they made political accusations against him

(vi) He was sent to Herod who questioned him/ridiculed dressed him in a royal robe

(vii) Pilate said that he had not found Jesus guilty

(viii) Pilate chose to have Jesus flogged/chastised

(ix) The crowd shouted that Jesus should be crucified/demanded for release of Barabas.

(x) Pilate surrendered Jesus to be crucified

(7 x 1 = 7 marks)

(c) Lessons Christians learn from the suffering and death of Jesus

(i) Christians should have faith in God

(ii) They should endure suffering/be ready to be rejected

(iii) They should forgive their enemies

(iv) Christians should repent/confess their sins

(v) They should be obedient/loyal to God

(vi) They should stand for the truth at all times

(vii) Christians should sacrifice for the service of others

(viii) They should be prayerful/pray for others

(ix) Christians should witness/surrender to the Lordship of Christ

(x) Christians should be courageous/brave

4. (a)Saint Paul’s teaching on Love (1 Corinthians 13)

(i) Love is patient

(ii) Love is kind

(iii) Love is not jealous/not envious

(iv) Love is not boastful/proud

(v) Love is not rude/not arrogant

(vi) It does not insist on its own way/not self seeking

(vii) It is not irritable/resentful/not easily angered

(viii) It does not keep a record of wrongs/it does not rejoice at the wrong

(ix) It rejoices at the right/the truth

(X) It hopes all things

(Xi) It endures/perseveres all things

(xii) It believes/trusts all things

(xiii) It never ends

(xiv) It is the greatest gift

(Xv) It bears all things

(8 x 1 = 8 marks)

(b) Examples of relationships based on false love in Kenya today

(i) A relationship which is based on material possessions/status of an individual

(ii) A relationship which is based on lust/sex satisfaction

(iii) A relationship which is based on physical attraction only

(iv) A relationship which favors/discriminates against race/tribe/education/gender/ religion/social status

(v) A relationship which starts when one is in trouble

(vi) A relationship which ends when one is in trouble

(viii) A relationship which is based on taking advantage of a partner

(ix) A relationship which is overprotective/over possessive

(5 x 1 = 5 marks)

(c) The role of the Holy Spirit in the church today

(i) The Holy Spirit enables Christians to make the right decisions/ gives wisdom counsels

(ii) He gives believers deep understanding/revelation of God/His purposes for them

(iii) He helps individuals to know who Jesus Christ is/aspire to live Christ-like lives

(iv) He strengthens the faith of Christians

(v) He gives them power to perform miracles/healing

(vi) He enables Christians to speak in tongues/interpret tongues

(vii) The Holy Spirit enables Christians to prophesy/preach the word of God/ growth of the church

(viii) He enables believers to distinguish/differentiate between spirits

(ix) The Holy Spirit enables believers to do works of mercy/kindness/charity

(x) The Holy Spirit convicts people of their sins/leads them to confess/repent

(xi) He unites believers as one body of Christ

(xii) The Holy Spirit enables Christians to worship God/pray/sing

(7 x 1 = 7 marks)

5. (a) Similarities between the Traditional African and Christian view on human sexuality

(i) In both sexuality is a gift from God

(ii) In both human sexuality is sacred/holy

(m) In both the gift of sex should be enjoyed in marriage

(iv) In both the gift of sex is for procreation

(v) There are rules/regulations regarding the use of the gift of sex in both

(vi) Elders/parents are to guide/teach the youth regarding their sexuality in both

(vii) In both sexual offences are punishable (5 x l = 5 marks)

(b) Factors that have led to the increase of intermarriages among communities in Kenya today.

(i) Education: Education has made people from different communities to interact in institutions/during co-curricular activities

(ii) Christianity/Religion: Religious teachings have broken cultural barriers among believers

(iii) Migration: People are free to acquire land/settle in any part of the country

(iv) Urbanization: Life in towns/cities has allowed mixing/intermingling of people from various cultures

(v) Language: The use of Kiswahili/English enables people from different communities to intermarry.

(vi) Modern means of transport: People are able to travel/move easily across the country.

(vii) Modern means of communication: The availability of social media enables people of different cultures to talk/maintain relationships

(viii) Sports/games: This has enabled people from different communities to interact.

(ix) Modern trade: This has led to mingling of different people hence intermarriage.

(5 x 2 = 10 marks)

(c) Challenges that children from single parent families face in Kenya today.

(i) They face an identity crisis/they do not know Where they belong

(ii) They experience social stigma

(m) They miss the love/ guidance of one parent

(iv) They may have psychological problems

(v) They may be denied inheritance of family Wealth/discriminated against

(vi) They face rejection/not accepted in society

(vii) They may lack adequate basic needs

(5 x l = 5 marks)

6. (a) Reasons Why laws are important to the people of Kenya

(i) Laws promote harmonious living among people

(ii) Laws govern/safeguard people‘s property

(iii) They enable people to be involved in various development activities

(iv) Laws regulate power of those in authority/act as checks and balances

(v) They ensure the security of the citizens

(vi) They protect people’s rights

(vii) They regulate taxation

(viii) Laws define duties/responsibilities of citizens

(iX) Laws define the identity/culture of the people.= (6 x 1 =6 marks)

(b) Rights of a Kenya citizen

(i) Right to employment/a just Wage

(ii) Right to own/use personal property

(iii) Right to freedom of worship/expression/personal freedom

(iv) Right to marry/raise a family

(v) Right to a fair trial

(vi) Right of assembly

(vii) Right to life/protection

(viii) Right to health

(ix) Right to education

(X) Right of association

(Xi) Right to vote

(xii) Right to movement

(xiii) Right to human dignity/privacy

(7 x 1 = 7 marks)

(c) Ways in which the church in Kenya helps to reform errant members in the society.

(i) The church prays for/with them

(ii) By teaching/preaching the Word of God to them

(iii) Through guiding and counselling them

(iv) By contributing towards their basic needs

(v) The church trains them in various skills in their vocational centers

(vi) The church offers employment opportunities to them

(vii) By forgiving/accepting/involving them in church activities

(viii) The church establishes rehabilitation centers to care for them

(iX) By offering credit facilities to enable them start businesses

(7 x 1 = 7 marks)


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