KCSE Past Papers 2013 HRE – Hindu Religious Education Paper 2 (413/2)

  •  Hindu Religious Education Paper 2 (315/2)

    1. a) Rites & Rituals of the Sikh Naam Karan Sanskar

     

  • Family arranges the details of the ceremony.
  • The venue is always the Gurudwara.
  • Akhand path is read.
  • Ardas is performed/Japji is recited.
  • The parents, the child & family attend after having bathed & wom clean clothes
  • The Guru Granth is paid obescience – bowed to. from home.
  • The Guru Granth is opened at random and the Gyaniji/priest points out the name
  • The child is blessed with the new name & given Amrit.
  • All those who attended the ceremony are treated to Langar. or three word added for a girl’s name.
  • Gifts are given to the child.b) Types of Hindu Temple Worship

     

  • Personal worship
  • Communal worship
  • Satsang
  • Katha
  • Kirtan
  • Havan
  • Padthc) Essential items used when visiting the Darasar

     

  • Katasanu – mat
  • Whisk – vinjado/chamar
  • Rice
  • Flowers
  • Muhpati
  • Chakhdo – wooden board
  • Kumkum
  • Chandan
  • Aarti plate
  • Dakshina/Dan/money for offering
  • Scriptures
  • The three aspects of Karma
  • Karla – is the doer of deeds & action
  • Karma – is the deed or action itself
  • Karana – is the means/instruments e.g. hands, legs, eyes through which deeds are done.2 a) Ways of correcting the effect of accumulated Karma

     

  • praying and keeping Parmatma close to one‘s heat.
  • By doing good Karma without expectation of reward.
  • By getting rid of anger, temptation, greed, violence.
  • By not accumulating Karma through;
  • thoughts – thinking good of all
  • words – speaking kindly and truthfully
  • action – by giving service to all around – family.
  • looking after the environment by
  • planting trees
  • taking care of animals
  • beatifying the environment -growing flowers, plants, etc.
  • by cultivating the virtue of forgiveness
  • by giving respect to all living beings.
  • by doing his God-given duties faithfully
  • by repenting for his sins
  • accepting his present without complaints.c) The Characteristics of a person dominated by the Rajas Guna keeping full faith in Parmatma.

    A person dominated by Rajas guna is:

     

  • fond of creature comforts so he likes to live in good & comfonable homes
  • wear good clothes
  • is passionate
  • is attached to material things
  • likes to enjoy himself.
  • full of desire
  • is ever agitated
  • has activities all the time
  • greedy so becomes selfish & self centered.
  • He neither rises in life or falls into tamas.3 a) How Rishi Bodh Divas is celebrated in Arya Samaj

     

  • Prayers are recited. 
  • Havan is perfomqed. 
  • Vedic discourses are given.
  • Debates are held on religious topics. 
  • Schools are involved in dramatizing lives ofDayand Swami

    Vivekand.

    Shradhanand

    Lala Lajpatrai

    Lekhram.

     

  • All above are remembered and their teachings remembered.
  • All above are paid tribute to
  • Rishi Langar is held.
  • Prayers for peace are recited.
  • Alms are given.6 x 1 = 6 marks

    b) The importance of Utsav in the lives of Hindus

     

  • Re affirm beliefs and recollect the personalities &
  • their teachings.
  • promote cultural & social traditions
  • come together in prayers for peace. unity
  • Break the monotony of daily routine
  • Promoting happiness & optimistic attitudes
  • Worship & prayers
  • Perform rites & rituals of particular utsav
  • Create religious & hamionious atmosphere
  • strengthen family ties & relationships
  • Promote & strengthen patriotism
  • Promote national peace & unity
  • Mark seasonal changes by celebrating and dancing (at plating, harvest, etc.)
  • Leaming about our ancestors & history
  • Dramatization & role playing of spiritual enlightened beings.
  • Stress is reduced
  • Artistic talents are recognized & promoted.8 x 1 = 8 marks

    c) The ways in which Dashera is celebrated in Kenya

     

  • Visit the temple/place of worship
  • Listen to the religious discourse on the victor over evil
  • Dramatize the killing of Ravan by Rama
  • Fun fair & Fete activities
  • Do alms
  • Join Satsang
  • Sing Bhajans
  • Remember the story of Ramayan/role play/dramatize.
  • Bum the effigy of Ravan
  • Fireworks display
  • Entertainment stalls 
  • Malia prasad
  • Continuous Ram Jaap Learn/practise archery
  • Havan is performed.
  • Puja is done.6 x I = 6 marks

    b) Reasons why Hindus visit Amarnath Hindu visit Amarnath because:

     

  • It is dedicated to Lord Shiva
  • It has a naturally fonned Shivlinga.
  • Lord Shiva forms part of Trimurti so Hindus worship Lord Shiva in the form of Linga.
  • Lord Shiva delivered the science of yoga at Amamath.
  • It is full of religious and peaceful vibrations.
  • It is one a scenic top of Himalayas & very conducive to meditation.
  • People say their prayers & offer worship.
  • Brings contact with other like minded pilgrims.4 x 2 = 8 marks

    c) 5. a) The importance of the Sikh Trithakshetra of Hazoor Sahib

     

  • It is situated on the banks of a river/Godavari
  • It is also called Nanded
  • Guru Govind Singh declared the Guru Granth Sahib as the Living Guru
  • Guru Govind Singh died here
  • The Shrine is also known as Takhat
  • All Sikh prayers are recited.
  • All religious days are celebrated.
  • Langar is offered daily.4 x l = 4 marks

    b) Names and locations of Chardham Yatra

     

  • Name
  • Rameshwaram
  • Dwarka
  • Badrinarayan
  • J agannath
  • Location
  • South India
  • Gujarat
  • North India — Himalayas
  • East – Orissa4 x 2 = 8 marks

    c.The contributions made by Rishi Dayanand in the spread of Vedic teachings in the modern period

     

     

  • He revered the knowledge contained in the Vedas by thinking & studying it thoroughly.
  • He spread the Vedic knowledge by giving religious discourse.
  • He wrote many books explaining the Truth as contained in the Vedas.
  • He wrote ‘Satyarth Prakash’ which laid down rules of living in a society
  • He rejected idol worship and perfonning rites and rituals without understanding them.
  • He propagated & promoted the performance of Yajna & havan. e
  • He abolished the ‘sati‘ tradition.
  • He encouraged women education.
  • He encouraged women to study Vedas.
  • He explained the Varna system.
  • He explained the Ashrams.
  • He founded Arya Sarnaj
  • He stressed equality of man.8 x 1 = 8 marks

    b) The means by which Buddhism spread during the reign of King Ashok

     

  • His position as the King helped one & all to learn about Buddhism.
  • His wealth made it easy.
  • His leadership – as a converted Buddhist influenced many.
  • His emissaries & missionaries went far & wide as far as Japan & China.
  • He encouraged Buddhism to be illustrated in caves, on hillside stones and on pillars.
  • He constructed temples dedicated to Buddha.
  • He donated money, land for all activities.
  • He gave protection & security to Buddhism.
  • He made Buddhism a royal religion.8 x l = 8 marks

    c) Means of propagation of Hindu Dharma during Ancient period

    Through scriptures Veda

     

  • Rig – Upanishad 
  • Yajur – Aranyaka 
  • Atharva 
  • Agams
  • Through seers & rishis who pondered over life,
  • Alma, Parmatma through meditation, concentration;
  • Giving knowledge through/by keeping Shrams & teaching to the students.
  • Through stories illustrating the Truths;
  • Through compiling shlokas & notes on knowledge;
  • Showing ways of singing.4 x 1 = 4 marks

     

    6 (a) Site selected for building places of worship:

     

  • Near rivers, lakes, e.g River Ganges.
  • Birth place of saints/where saints were bom.
  • Where saints spent most of their time.
  • Pure, unpolluted places/places considered clean.
  • Sacred places e.g. Himalayas mountain.Contributions made by Hindu scholars in the field of:

     

  • Medicine 
  • Sushruta developed to process of surgery; 
  • Sushruta developed surgical instruments; 
  • he studied the physical anatomy – muscles, bones etc.;
  • Charak invented Ayurveda
  • studied man and his prakruti/composition;
  • he discovered, cough and Pitta; 
  • he studied herbs and flex use as medicine to cure physical diseases.
  • Astronomyc) Aryabhatt – studied astronomy in depth

     

  • He studied stars & their positions
  • He studied planets & their positions.
  • He studied the interrelationship of planets & stars.
  • He explained the movement of the earth & sun.
  • He explained the influence of the stars & the
  • planets on the earth.
  • He explained-eclipse of the sun.
  • He explained how ebb & tide take place.
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