KCSE Past Papers 2013 HRE – Hindu Religious Education Paper 1 (413/1)

5.5 HINDU RELIGIOUS EDUCATION (315)

5.5.1 Islamic Religious Education Paper 1 (315/1)

1 a) Ways in which devotees communicate with Paramatma: Through

 

  • Prayer;
  • Puja / aartil havan;
  • Satsangl bhajan/ kirtan;
  • Meditation:
  • Helping poor/destitute;
  • Looking after the environment – planting trees
  • Studying scriptures.b) Ways of practising Dharma.

     

  • Studying religiously.;
  • Obeying elders;
  • Obeying school rules;
  • Being good at home;
  • Participating in games – winning treat or losing same;
  • Keeping body clean / take care of own health;
  • Keeping the environment clean;
  • Following moral – not telling lies;
  • Being disciplined;
  • Caring and sharing.c) Role of Paramatma in Ti-imurti

     

  • Brahma – creates the universe
  • Vishnu – sustains all beings/protects
  • Mahesh/Shiva – liberates/destroys.2 a) Contribution of Lord Mahavir in promoting non-violence

     

  • Responding to violence by keeping calm and peaceful;
  • Practising meditation;
  • Teaching/preaching non-violence through:- words – not speaking harmful words

    – thoughts – not having hurtful evil thoughts

    – deeds – not to do evil deeds.

     

  • Preaching the principle of “live and let live”; 
  • Not eating root vegetables;
  • Not eating after sunset:
  • Fasting regularly;
  • Following strict vegetarianism
  • Preaching Anekantvad – respect; for all religions;
  • Showing respect for all life.3.a) Teachings of Sant Kabir:

     

  • Respect your Guru;
  • Respect all religions;
  • Parmatma is same in all religions – Rama & Rahim;
  • No need to go for Tirthayatra for salvation;
  • No need to go to temples – Paramatma resides in our hearts;
  • Live a simple life;
  • Recite Parmatma’s name in order to reach Him;
  • Practise universal brotherhood;
  • Always work with Partmatma in your heart.b) Role of Dhammapada in Buddhism:

     

  • A scripture for Buddhists;
  • Contains life historyl
  • how he lived
  • attained salvation
  • Shows the path to attaining salvation;
  • Has principles of Buddhism;.
  • Teaches detachment;
  • non-violence;
  • middle path;
  • eight fold path;
  • four noble truths;
  • Final destiny of sould is “Nirvana”;
  • Salvation is attained by one’s own efforts;
  • Cosmic order always continues.c) Ways in which Lord Rama demonstrated that he was an:

    Ideal Son

     

  • Cared for his parents as a child;
  • Obeyed his parents;
  • Gave attention to his step mother even after she sent him on exile;
  • After his father’s death, he asked his mother to bear with him until his retum;
  • Performed all final rites for his father after his death;
  • Went to study in the forest under Guru Vasishtha as asked by his father;
  • Went to the forest with Vishwamitra to kill demons / protect Brahmins.ii Ideal King:

     

  • Ruled Ayodhya fairly;
  • Administration was just;
  • Provided security for citizens;
  • Promoted peace and unity in his kingdom by being righteous and moral;
  • Dealt with emerging issues fairly, squarely and firmly;
  • Listened to the complaints and welfare;
  • Rules with advice of wise persons;
  • Motivated his subjects to follow righteousness with exemplary living;
  • Put his subjects’ interests first – sacrificed his happiness and sent Sita to exile. 

    4. a) How control of mind helps in practice of lndriya Nigraha

     

  • Control over five senses;
  • Eyes – see good, avoid evil;
  • Ears – hear; good, avoid evil;
  • Skin – should tolerate smoothness and roughness;
  • Eat food without caring for taste;
  • Smell – good or bad, should not put one off;
  • Hands – desist from doing bad deeds;
  • Legs – to walk to holy places;
  • Think and speak pleasing and positively;
  • Do not become angry;
  • Do not tell lies;
  • Obey rules;
  • Work hard;
  • Be active/not lazyb) Duties of a Vanaprasthi

     

  • Retire from active life;
  • Study scriptures;
  • Pass the knowledge acquired to others;
  • Attend religious discourses / functions;
  • D0 social work;
  • Guide family members;
  • Practise detachment;
  • Live a simple life;
  • Offer guidance/ advance to people who need;
  • Have control over senses.c) Five Daily Yajnas for a Grahasthi

     

  • Brahma Yajna:
  • Deva:
  • Pitru;
  • Bhoot;
  • Atithi. 

    5. a) Entitites to whom Buddhists pay homage in Mahamantra

     

  • Buddha – Lord Buddha
  • Sangha- – Congregation
  • Dharma – Religion, 

    b) ow the Sikh principle of forbidding intoxicants can help Kenyan youth

     

  • By forbidding intoxicants, the youth can keep busy and avoid idleness, they can engage in meaningful activities; – v
  • Keeping away from intoxicants promotes good health among the youth;
  • Time saved from non indulgence in intoxicants can be utilised in meaningful activities;
  • Keeping away from intoxicants make the youth better leaders of tomorrow;
  • Forbidding of intoxicants leads to saving money, time and energy;
  • Keeping away from intoxicants promotes better relationships in the community .e.g., no fights, quarrels;
  • Reduces crime rate in the community.5 x 2 10 marks

    c) Beings from whom Jains seek forgiveness during Pratikraman

     

  • Plants; Animals;
  • Fellow human beings;
  • Insects:
  • E1ders;
  • Juniors;
  • Employees;
  • Friends;
  • Foes;
  • Souls.6 a) How Dhyana & Dharana leads to Samadhi

    (i) Dhyana:-

     

  • Helps mind to become calm and peaceful
  • Focusses mind stops other thoughts
  • This state leads to Dhama.(ii) Dharana:-

     

  • Control over the mind
  • Fix the mind to a symbol, mantra. a lighted candle;
  • Makes one ready for Samadhi – when mind stops working and leads one to bliss.2 a) Qualities of a devotee practising Dasyam Bhakti.

     

  • Obedience;
  • Humility;
  • Service:
  • Adoration:
  • Love;
  • Trust in Paramatma:
  • Discipline:
  • Worship.b) Teaching of Jnana Yoga

     

  • It is one of the 3 Yoga that lead one to Moksha:
  • It teaches that Paramatma is Supreme:
  • It teaches that soul is immonal and etemal:
  • One should be detached from material things:
  • Unity of Atma with Paramatma:
  • Analyse information to anive at conclusions:
  • Helps to remove the ignorance of the nature of soul:
  • Gives a devotee knowledge of the Universe:
  • Rites and rituals should be performed with understanding. 
  • It is the search for ultimate goal of life why we are born, etc;
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