KCSE Past Papers 2011 CRE Paper 2 (313/2)

15.2 Christian Religious Education Paper 2 (313/2)

1 (a) What took place when Mary visited Elizabeth.

(i) She entered Zechariah ‘s home.

(ii) She greeted Elizabeth.

(iii) When Elizabeth heard Mary’s greetings the baby in her Womb leaped.

(iv) Elizabeth was filled with the Holy spirit.

(v) Elizabeth exclaimed with a loud cry.

(vi) She blessed Mary and the child in the womb.

(vii) Elizabeth wondered why Mary the mother of her Lord had visited her.

(viii) Elizabeth informed Mary that the baby in her womb had leaped for joy in her greetings.

(ix) Mary responded by praising God/sung the magnificent.

(x) Mary stayed with Elizabeth for three months.

6 x 1 = 6 marks

(b) Lessons that Christians learn from the lives of Zechariah and Elizabeth

(i) Christians should be righteous / upright / blameless.

(ii) They should obey God ’s commandments / instructions

(iii) They should persevere / be patient.

(iv) They should serve God faithfully / with commitment.

(v) They should be prayerful.

(vi) They should depend on God / ask God for their needs / Have faith in God.

(vii) They should believe God’s word.

(viii) They should thank God for blessings.

(ix) They should praise / worship the Lord.

(x) They should desire to be led by the Holy spirit.

(xi) Christians should rejoice at the blessing of others.

6 x 1 = 6 marks

(c) Ways through which Christians in Kenya express their joy for the birth of Jesus.

(i) They sing / listen to Christian songs / carols.

(ii) They attend Christmas worship / service / mass.

(iii) They partake of the Holy communion / Eucharist.

(iv) They exchange gifts / cards / messages of goodwill.

(v) They visit friends / relatives / invite friends / relatives

(vi) They decorate their homes / churches.

(viii) They buy / wear new clothes.

(x) They prepare special dishes / drinks.

(ix) They rest from normal duties.

(x) They hold Christmas concerts / drama.

(xi) They watch movies / films on the birth of Jesus.

(xii) They read Christmas stories / the bible.

(xiii) They help the needy / acts of charity.

(xiv) They repent / rededicate themselves to God.

8 x 1 = 8 marks

2 (a) The teachings of Jesus on the sermon on the plain on how human beings should relate to one another.

(i) Human beings should love one another / their enemies.

(ii) They should practise sharing / kind to help others / be generous.

(iii) They should be merciful to each other.

(iv) They not judge / condemn others.

(v) They forgive one another / not to revenge.

(vi) Pray for those who wrong them .

(vii) They should not discriminate against one another.

(viii) Do good to those that hate them.

5 x 1 = 5 marks

(b) A description of the incident in which Jesus forgave the sinful woman.

(i) Jesus had been invited by a Pharisee for dinner.

(ii) While he was at the table a sinful woman came with an alabaster flask of ointment.

(iii) She stood at Jesus’ feet weeping /wet his feet with her tears.

(iv) She used her hair to wipe the feet of Jesus.

(v) She kissed the feet of Jesus

(vi) She then anointed the feet of Jesus with the ointment.

(vii) The Pharisee who had invited Jesus questioned in his heart whether Jesus was a prophet.

(viii) Jesus knew the thoughts of Simon / told him the parable of the creditor and the two debtors.

(x) Jesus asked Simon who of the two debtors would love the creditor more.

(xi) Simon said the debtor with more debt would love the creditor more.

(xii) He told Simon that the woman had shown much love because her many sins had been forgiven.

(xiii) Jesus then told the woman that her sins had been forgiven.

(ix) The other guests began to question who Jesus was to have the power to forgive sin.

(ixi) Jesus told the woman that her faith had saved her.

(ixii) He told her to go in peace.

8 x 1= 8 marks

(c) Reasons why Christians should ask for forgiveness from God.

(i) To be at peace with God.

(ii) To show obedience to the teachings of Jesus.

(iii) To improve their relationship with others.

(iv) It gives them confidence to serve God.

(v) To acknowledge their weakness / a sign of humility.

(vi) It shows their desire to lead a righteous life.

(vii) It is a sign of appreciation of God’s mercy.

(viii) It is a way of self reproach / self criticism / self disapproval/self guilt /self blame

(x) It is a demonstration of their faith in God.

(xi) So as to be forgiven by God.

7 x 1 = 7 marks

3 (a) The instructions that Jesus gave to the seventy two disciples when he sent them on a mission.

(i) The disciples were to pray for more labourers to be sent for the harvest.

(ii) The disciples were not to carry any pulse / bag / sandals.

(iii)They were not to salute anyone on the road.

(iv) They were to say peace to any house they entered.

(v) They were to remain in the same house / not to go from house to house.

(vi) They were to eat / drink whatever was provided.

(vii) They were to heal the sick.

(viii) They were to tell the people that the kingdom of God has come near.

(ix) They were to wipe off the dust on their feet against the people if not received.

4 x 2 = 8 marks

(b) The parable of the Pharisee and the tax collector.

(i) Two men went into the Temple to pray, a Pharisee and a tax collector.

(ii) The pharisee praised himself in prayer.

(iii) He said he was holy / better than others / the tax collector.

(iv) The tax collector also prayed but could not lift his eyes to heaven.

(v) The tax collector beat his breast saying he is a sinner / asked for God’s mercy.

(vi) It was the prayer of the tax collector that was accepted / the tax collector was justified.

(vii) Jesus concluded by saying fliat whoever exalts himself will be humbled / who ever humbles himself will be exalted,

5 x 1 = 5 marks.

(c) Reasons why Christians pray.

(i) To show their dependence on God / faith in God.

(ii) To express the power / greatness of God / adore / honour God.

(iii) They pray to ask for their needs / seek guidance.

(iv) Through prayer, they confess their sins / ask for forgiveness.

(v) To thank God for his faithfulness / goodness / blessings.

(vi) Prayer helps to relieve fears / anxiety / worries.

(vii) It is an instrument through which the work of satan is destroyed.

(vii) To communicate with God / have fellowship with God.

(ix) To follow the example of Jesus.

(x) It is a command from God / a sign of obedience.

(xi) To intercede.

(xii) To seek protection from God.

7 x 1 = 7 marks

4 (a) How Peter’s life was transformed on the Day of Pentecost.

(2 marks)

(i) Peter was filled with the Holy spirit.

(ii) He started speaking in tongues.

(iii) He became courageous / defended the disciples that they were not drunk.

(iv) He Was able to remember Old Testament prophecies / teachings.

(v) He began witnessing the life, death and resurrection of Jesus.

(vi) He called people to repentance.

(vii) He was empowered to perform miracles.

(viii) He took leadership role.

4 x 2 = 8 marks

(b) Saint Paul ’s teaching on how the gifts of the Holy Spirit should be used in the church.

(i) The gifts of the Holy Spirit should be used for the common good of all.

(ii) They should be used to strengthen / encourage / comfort members.

(iii) They should be used to bring unity / not to discriminate / divide members.

(iv) There is need to respect / appreciate all the gifts.

(v) They should be used in an orderly way / no confusion.

(vi) The gifts should be used in love.

(vii) The gift of speaking in tongues should be minimised in public worship.

(viii) There is need to have interpretation of tongues for them to he meaningful / helpful.

(ix) Prophecies should be carefully evaluated / weighted.

5 X 1 = 5 marks

(c) Reasons why some Christians find it difficult to help the sick.

(i) Some Christians lack the gift of healing.

(ii) They are afraid of being infected.

(iii) Because of religious / denominational barriers.

(iv) They lack knowledge / skills of handling the sick.

(v) They have no time for the sick.

(vi) Lack of faith in healing / miracles.

(vii) Because of poverty / may not have enough resources to share.

(viii) Lack of love for the needy/ sick.

(x) It is difficult for some Christians to determine those who are genuinely sick/ feigning.

(ix) Due to social differences / status / educational background.

(xii) Due to nepotism /ethnic affiliations.

(xiii) Due to gender biases.

7 X 1 = 7 marks

5 (a) Reasons why manual work is important in Kenya today.

(i) Through manual work human being emulate God as a worker.

(ii) It is a sign of being obedient to God’s instructions to work.

(iii) It enables human beings to look after / preserve the environment / be co-creators with God.

(iv) It keeps the body physically fit.

(v) Human beings are able to obtain their basic needs / earn their living through manual work.

(vi) It is a way of serving others / community / infrastructure / Economic development

(vii) It enables human beings to develop their talents / abilities.

(viii) Manual work gives satisfaction / fulfillment.

(x) It keeps one busy / active / reduces crime.

Any 7 x 1 = 7 marks

(b) Activities that the youth should engage in during their leisure time.

(i) Taking part in church choir/ singing.

(ii) Helping the sick / needy / works of charity.

(iii) Taking part in retreats / seminars / camps.

(iv) Reading Christian literature.

(v) Playing games.

(vi) Planting flowers / trees / cleaning the compound.

(vii) Watching television / listening to Christian music / messages.

(viii) Taking part in Bible study / reading the Bible.

(x) Visiting their friends / relatives.

(xi) Evangelizing / preaching / praying / involvement in peer counselling.

Any 7 x 1 = 7 marks

(c) Consequences of denying employees rest

(i) It may lead to poor working relations.

(ii) The organization may realize low output.

(iii) The workers may resort to a strike action / go slow.

(iv) Some of the employees may lose their job through sacking / resignation.

(v) It can lead to poor health / death.

(vi) It may lead to breaks up of families.

(vii) It can lead to labour conflicts between the employer / employee.

(vii) Mistrust may arise leading to close supervision.

(ix) Employees may develop negative attitudes towards work.

(x) Accidents are likely to occur.

(xi) Deliberate destruction of property / vandalism.

6 x 1 = 6 marks

6 (a) Ways in which Christians can contribute towards maintenance of law and order in society.

(i) By obeying the law of the land / leading exemplary lives.

(ii) By respecting the lawful authority.

(iii) Through rehabilitating criminals.

(iv) By condemning acts which violate human rights/unjust laws.

(v) Through educating the masses on their rights and responsibilities.

(vi) By sharing what they have with the needy.

(vii) By praying for peace /national leaders / citizens.

(viii) By preaching on the importance of law / order / peace.

(ix) Forgiving others freely.

(x) Reporting criminals to the relevant authorities.

(xi) Through reconciling the Waring parties.

(xii) Through guidance and counselling services.

7 x 1 = 7 marks

(b) Methods of disciplinary errant members in traditional African communities.

(i) Paying fines.

(ii) Denying children food for sometime.

(iii) Reprimanding wrong doers.

(iv) Giving unpleasant names to reflect the wrong that the person has done / ridicule.

(v) Denying culprits access to social occasions / being detained / isolation.

(vi) Summoning an indisciplined member before the council of elders.

(vii) Excommunicating wrong doers from the community.

(vii) Through caning / beating.

(ix) Disowning by parents / relative / friends.

(x) Being cursed by elders.

(xi) Refusing to name children after them.

(xii) Demotion / Denial of responsibility.

7 x 1 = 7 marks

(c) Obstacles to effective maintenance of law and order in Kenya today.

(i) There is an increase in the rate of crime / the law enforcement officers can not cope with the work load.

(ii) Due to unequal distribution of resources.

(iii) Permissiveness in the society /lack of morals don’t care altitude.

(iv) Due to political instability / incitement by politicians.

(v) Extreme poverty.

(vi) Social discrimination.

(vii) Some cultural beliefs / practices hinder effective maintenance of law / concealing criminals information.

(viii) High rate of unemployment.

(ix) Bribery / corruption.

(x) Greed for material wealth.

(xi) Inadequate modem equipment to combat crime.

(xii) Delay in the delivery of justice to the offended.

(xiii) The citizens lack knowledge on the procedures for the effective maintenance of law and order.

6 x 1 = 6 marks



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