Kenya National Examinational Council 2010
CRE Paper 1
1. a) The historical Books of the Old Testament.
iv) First Samuel
v) Second Samuel
vi) First Kings
vii) Second Kings
viii) First Chronicles
ix) Second Chronicles
b) Reasons why the bible is referred to a library.
i) It contains many books.
ii) The books were written by different authors
iii) It has different categories of books/division
iv) The books are written in different styles/forms
v) The books in the bible were written at different times/situation/background
vi) The books in the Bible address different issues/topics/purpose
vii) The books were written for different audience/readers
viii) The books are systematically arranged /order/chronological.
ix) Ref. book 4 theology
c) Occasions when Christians use the Bible
i) When preaching the word of God (crusade/church sermons)
ii) When in court
iii) When instructing new converts/conducting Bible study
iv) During different Christian religious ceremonies/festivals
v) When teaching Christian Religious Education
vi) When composing songs/plays/Christian literature
vii) During fellowships/prayers/guidance/counselling
viii) During a swearing in ceremony
2. a) Ways in which God demonstrated His concern for the Israelites during the Exodus.
i) He made a passage from them in the Red Sea.
ii) He provided them with manna.
iii) He provided them with quails.
iv) He provided them with water from the stone/rock/asked Moses to purify the bitter water.
v) He gave the Ten Commandments
vi) He defeated their enemies the Egyptians/Amelekites/protect them against change.
vii) He provided a cloud to lead them during the day.
viii) He provided a pillar of fire to lead them in the darkness.
ix) Provided them leaders.
b) Ways in which the Israelites worshipped God when they were in the wilderness.
i) They built alters
ii) They offered sacrifices
iii) They sang songs/danced
iv) They said prayers
v) They held festivals
vi) They gave offerings/tithes
vii) They constructed/sacred places of worship/tabernacle/tent of meeting
viii) They observed the Sabbath day
ix) They burnt incense/burnt offerings.
c) The challenges that Christians face while practicing their faith in Kenya today.
i) The emergence of splinter groups within the church.
ii) The emergence of cults which practice ungodly activities.
iii) The emphasis of materialism by the churches.
iv) Lack of roles models among the leaders.
v) Open conflict among/between the leaders and the church members/authoritarianism.
vi) Misuse of resources by the leaders.
vii) Rise of state-church conflict e.g No/Yes situation.
viii) Confusion among Christians due to different interpretation of the Bible.
ix) Church leaders not having time for all members/discrimination.
x) Negative effects of mass media/modern technology
xi) Permissiveness/moral decadence/during abuse
3. a) The commandments that King Ahab and Queen Jezebel broke from the story of Naboth’s vineyard.
i) They broke the commandments of not to kill when they planned for the stoning of Naboth.
ii) When they worshipped idols, they broke the rule of not worshipping other gods.
iii) They broke the commandments of not coveting a neighbour’s property when they wanted Naboth’s vineyard.
iv) The commandments of not stealing was broken when they took Naboth’s vineyard.
v) The commandments of not to cheat/bear false witness was broken when they planned instituting for false witness against Naboth.
vi) They used the name of God in vain when they said that Naboth had blasphemed God.
b) Forms of punishment prophesied by Elijah to King Ahab and Jezebel.
i) Death of King Ahab would be in the same place/valley of Jezebel like Naboth.
ii) Evil would be upon Ahab
iii) God was to take away the prosperity of Ahab/his rule would come to an end.
iv) Dogs would lick the blood of Ahab
v) All the male children free/slaves would be cut off.
vi) The lineage of Ahab would be wiped out.
vii) The dogs would eat anybody who belongs to the family of Ahab who died in the city.
viii) The birds of the air would eat all who die in the field.
ix) The dogs will eat the body of Jezebel.
c) Reasons why killings was condemned in traditional African communities.
i) Life is sacred and therefore should not be destroyed by anybody.
ii) It brings hatred/revenge/ill-feeling among members of the community.
iii) It destroys continuity of the family/community
iv) It brings poverty/denies one the chance to take part in the community development.
v) It breeds suspicion/fear/anxiety.
vi) It destroys harmony/undermines good relationships in the community.
vii) It creates sadness/misery/sorrow to the relatives/community
viii) To avoid being banished/ex-communicated by the community.
ix) Avoid curses/being haunted
4. a) Characteristics of true prophets in the Old Testament
i) They were called by God.
ii) They received revelation from God through dreams/visions/direct command/familiar objects
iii) They were obedient
iv) They faced opposition/rejection from the people because of their uncompromising attitude.
v) They commanded God’s message to the people.
vi) The prophets spoke with authority/were fearless.
vii) They acknowledged one God who was universal/monotheism
viii) They understood the nature of the prophesies.
ix) They preached about God’s judgment for sin/hope for restoration.
x) Their prophesies were fulfilled.
xi) They did not prophesy for material gains
xii) They lead holy lives.
b) Ways in which the rich oppressed the poor during the times of prophet Amos.
i) The rich took people’s garment in pledge.
ii) The poor were robbed of their food/gains/belongings
iii) Merchants overcharged the poor when selling them anything.
iv) The poor were sold for a piece of silver/air of shoes as they were considered useless.
v) The goods sold to the poor were unfit for human use/consumption/expired.
vi) The poor were cheated in business deals as the rich used faulty scales/measures
vii) The poor were sold into slavery when they were unable to pay their debts to the rich.
viii) The poor were denied justice in the law courts because they could not bribe the judges.
ix) The cases taken to the courts by the poor were thrown out/not listened to.
c) Reasons why Christians find it difficult to help the needy in Kenya today.
i) There are too many needy cases.
ii) Tribal/ethnic feelings may hinder one from giving assistance to the needy.
iii) Political leaning/affiliations influence Christians against helping those who do not belong to their camp.
iv) Lack of what to share/inadequacy
v) Indifferences of some Christians to the light of the needy.
vi) Denominational differences where some Christians are not ready share with those who do not belong to their group.
vii) Poor communication/infrastructure in some parts of the country that make impossible to reach the needy.
viii) It is difficult to identify the genuine needy cases.
ix) Misappropriation of resources meant for assisting the needy discourages Christian from contributing.
5. a) Reasons why Jeremiah was not willing to accept the call of God to become a prophet.
i) He felt that he was too young/was inexperienced as a prophet.
ii) He did not have the message to the people.
iii) He lacked confidence/courage
iv) He did not know how to speak/not a good speaker.
v) He was afraid of confronting/talking against the kings/elders
vi) The task was too difficult overwhelming for him.
vii) He was not sure of what could be done to him by the people of the message he was to deliver (response to the message).
b) Evils condemned by prophet Jeremiah during the temple sermon.
i) He condemned the false belief about the temple not being destroyed because it was God’s dwelling place.
ii) He condemned the hypocrisy/presence of people who committed different sins and came to the temple to worship Yahweh
iii) He talked about the defiled of the temple by placing idols in it.
iv) He condemned the worship of other gods/idolatry which was a rebellion to the Sinai covenant.
v) He condemned the practice of human sacrifice which was against the commandments of God.
vi) He condemned oppression of the foreigners/widows/orphans which against the covenant way of life.
vii) He condemned the stubbornness/rebellion of the Israelites against God’s warning
c) Ways in which church leaders communicate God’s message to the people in Kenya today.
i) Use of print/give out bibles e.g. publications conference/retreat.
ii) Holding public meetings/crusades/Rallies
iii) Through sings songs of praise
iv) Through conducting pastoral care/counseling
v) Through carrying spiritual healing/prayer
vi) Conducting door to door evangelism visits.
vii) Providing material support to the needy.
viii) Through leading exemplary lives.
ix) Through electronic media
(6 x 1 = 6 marks)
6. a) Places in which sacrifices are carried out in traditional Africa communities.
i) Under trees/in forests
ii) In caves
iii) At river banks/seashore/lake shores
iv) Near rocks
v) On mountains/hill tops
vi) At waterfalls
vii) In shrines/temples
viii) In homes
ix) Grave sides
(6 x 1 = 6 marks)
b) Reasons why sacrifices are made in traditional African communities.
i) It is an act of worship.
ii) It enables the people to maintain good relationship with God/Human beings.
iii) As a way of asking for protecting
iv) To appease ancestors/spirits/God for any wrongs done e.g( cleansing forgiveness)
v) In recognition /honour the ancestors of god’s power.
vi) It is a way of acknowledging god as the source of life.
vii) In order to seek God’s intervention in times of trouble.
viii) As a thanksgiving to ancestors/spirits/gods
ix) To invite/ancestors/spirits/God in the function/event.
x) To ask for blessings
(7 x 1 = 7marks)
c) Roles of ancestors in traditional African communities.
i) They act as mediators/intercessors between the living and God.
ii) They monitor oversee what is happening in the community.
iii) They bring punishment to the wrong doers/blessings to the righteous
iv) They give instructions/directions on what should be done by members of the community.
v) They rebuke/give a warning of the coming punishment for wrong doers.
vi) They give guidance on how rituals should be conducted.
vii) They are community values/traditions.
viii) Through the ancestors, the living have a sense of belonging/identify.
ix) They welcome the dead to the spiritual world.
x) They provide a reservoir of names.
(7 x 1 = 7 marks)