IPH 2409/ICH 2306 : CONTROL AND PREVENTION OF NON-COMMUNICABLE AND LIFESTYLE DISEASES Past Paper

W1-2-60-1-6
JOMO KENYATTA UNIVERSITY
OF
AGRICULTURE AND TECHNOLOGY

University Examinations 2016/2017

FOURTH/THIRD YEAR SECOND/FIRST SEMESTER EXAMINATION FOR THE DEGREE OF BACHELOR OF SCIENCE IN PUBLIC HEALTH/BACHELOR OF SCIENCE IN MICROBIOLOGY/BACHELOR OF SCIENCE IN HEALTH RECORDS AND INFORMATION/BACHELOR OF SCIENCE IN COMMUNITY HEALTH

IPH 2409/ICH 2306 : CONTROL AND PREVENTION OF NON-COMMUNICABLE AND LIFESTYLE DISEASES

DATE: JULY 2017 TIME: 2 HOURS

INSTRUCTIONS: ANSWER QUESTION ONE (COMPULSORY) AND ANY OTHER
ONE QUESTION.

 

QUESTION ONE (48 MARKS)

(a) Describe three characteristics that make cancer a non-communicable disease.
[6 marks]

(b) Jane has recently been diagnosed with a heart disease. Briefly mention three factors that could have predisposed Jane to the disease. [6 marks]

(c) Explain the following terms as used in the study of non-communicable diseases:

(i) Metastatic cancer. [2 marks]
(ii) Chronic health condition. [2 marks]
(iii) Muscular endurance. [2 marks]

(d) ‘Prevention is better than cure’. Explain this statement in relation to cancer.
[6 marks]

(e) Non-communicable diseases are sometimes referred to as ‘lifestyle diseases’. Justify this statement. [6 marks]

(f) Make short notes on the disease ‘dental carries’. [6 marks]

(g) By use of three examples, explain how stress can result into a non-communicable disease. [6 marks]

(h) Tobacco and substance abuse related disorders are NCD’s of concern. Briefly explain some of these disorders. [6 marks]

QUESTION TWO (22 MARKS)

Discuss the role of exercise in prevention of non-communicable diseases. [22 marks]

QUESTION THREE (22 MARKS)

Give a detailed account of:

(a) Dental carries disease. [10 marks]

(b) Diabetes mellitus disease. [12 marks]

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