JOMO KENYATTA UNIVERSITY OF AGRICULTURE AND TECHNOLOGY
UNIVERSITY EXAMINATIONS 2015/2016
YEAR II SEMESTER I EXAMINATION FOR THE DEGREE OF BACHELOR OF DEVELOPMENT STUDIES
HSD 2206: EDUCATION AND DEVELOPMENT
DATE:DECEMBER 2015 TIME: 2 HOURS
INSRUCTIONS: Answer question one and any other two questions
The social function of education has also been analysed with reference to its possible contribution to economic development. Considerable research has been carried out in this field but the relationship between education and economy is still to be precisely defined.
In the popular mind education and affluence are usually associated. Rich countries boast of advanced educational systems while poor countries are educationally backward.
The argument that education leads to economic development rests on two assumptions
i. Education changes behavour
ii. Such changes results in the production of more goods and services.
Reference has already been made that a greater amount of education leads to higher incomes but there is no form evidence that those with higher educational attachments are better and because of their higher productions. It could be that education is being used there to merely convene a criterion for selecting persons with aptitudes such as greater flexibility motivating imitative and problem motivation initiative and problem adaptive. These attributes are certainly a help to productivity but the is no proof that they are generated by education.
Finally education has to compete in growth terms with other areas of investments. It is arguable for instance that the building of roads and power stations may contribute more to economic growth compared to educational investment but general education should be distinguished from specialized expertise for doing specific jobs certain technical training is necessary. The requisite training is said to contribute towards economic development.
a. Define the following terms as they are used in education.
i. Investment (2 marks)
ii. Investment spending. (2 marks)
iii. Consumer spending (2 marks)
b. State and explain ten direct benefits of education. (10 marks)
c. Elaboratively discuss six roles of education in development. (6 marks)
d. Education is viewed as a prime mover to development. Basing on the above statement. Justify the ?? of education in developing counties. (6 marks)
Discuss vividly the problems that hinder the development of education in developing countries in Africa. (20 marks)
Explain how education can help in conflict situation. (20 marks)
Discuss four modes of funding of education in developing countries. (20 marks)
Loans as a method of financing education has been so adaptive by many scholars in developing countries. Discuss the merits of this statement basing on Higher Education Loans Board (HELB) in Kenya. (20 marks)